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American Journal of Industrial and Business Management
ISSN Online: 2164-5175
Google-based IF: 1.24  Citations h5-index & Ranking
Submission
  • Submission
    Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted.

    Authors are invited to provide the names of four well qualified reviewers. Current e-mail addresses must be provided for all suggested reviewers.

    Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic PDF or MS-Word files can be submitted through the online submission system. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to ajibm@scirp.org.
  • Manuscript Preparation
    Manuscripts not adhering to journal guidelines will be returned to authors without scientific evaluation. Submitted manuscripts adhering to journal guidelines are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief or an Editor, who will assign them to reviewers. The review process is single blind. The Editor prepares a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers, which is sent to the corresponding author. All non-reviewed manuscripts are sent back within 10 days and the decision letters of manuscripts are sent within 4 weeks.
  • Review Process
    Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, CC BY (or the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License CC BY-NC), which allows users to (noncommercially) copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.

    The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

    While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
  • Copyright

    SCIRP is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance.


    An Initial Plagiarism Check is carried out for every manuscript submitted to AJIBM. The check starts with a Google search which is built into SCIRP's Paper Submission and Manuscript Tracking System. SCIRP is a member of CrossCheck and has added all its papers to the CrossCheck database. In this way, also other publishers can compare their manuscripts with SCIRP's papers. CrossCheck is used through the web-based iThenticate system by uploading a document and running a similarity check against the CrossCheck database and the Internet. The check provides a "Similarity Index" which is the percentage of the manuscript matching other sources. iThenticate does not determine whether a manuscript contains plagiarism. Therefore, manuscripts with a high "Similarity Index" are examined if the other matching sources have been properly cited.


    SCIRP follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct.

    The submitted manuscript should not have been previously published in any form and must not be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.

  • Publication Ethics Statement
    FreeMarker template error (HTML_DEBUG mode; use RETHROW in production!)
    
    The following has evaluated to null or missing:
    ==> pes_tag  [in template "themes/journalsAuthors.html" at line 63, column 60]
    
    ----
    Tip: If the failing expression is known to legally refer to something that's sometimes null or missing, either specify a default value like myOptionalVar!myDefault, or use <#if myOptionalVar??>when-present<#else>when-missing</#if>. (These only cover the last step of the expression; to cover the whole expression, use parenthesis: (myOptionalVar.foo)!myDefault, (myOptionalVar.foo)??
    ----
    
    ----
    FTL stack trace ("~" means nesting-related):
    	- Failed at: ${pes_tag}  [in template "themes/journalsAuthors.html" at line 63, column 58]
    	- Reached through: @mobile_srp_JournalsForAuthorsTag sho...  [in template "themes/journalsAuthors.html" at line 33, column 16]
    	- Reached through: @mobile_srp_journalInfo shortName=sho...  [in template "themes/journalsAuthors.html" at line 9, column 3]
    ----
    
    Java stack trace (for programmers):
    ----
    freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: [... Exception message was already printed; see it above ...]
    	at freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException.getInstance(InvalidReferenceException.java:134)
    	at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToTextualCommon(EvalUtil.java:481)
    	at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToStringOrMarkup(EvalUtil.java:401)
    	at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToStringOrMarkup(EvalUtil.java:370)
    	at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.calculateInterpolatedStringOrMarkup(DollarVariable.java:100)
    	at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.accept(DollarVariable.java:63)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:370)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment$NestedElementTemplateDirectiveBody.render(Environment.java:3244)
    	at org.scirp.mobile.tag.JournalsForAuthorsTag.execute(JournalsForAuthorsTag.java:85)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:451)
    	at freemarker.core.UnifiedCall.accept(UnifiedCall.java:102)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:370)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment$NestedElementTemplateDirectiveBody.render(Environment.java:3244)
    	at org.scirp.mobile.tag.JournalInfoTag.execute(JournalInfoTag.java:49)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:451)
    	at freemarker.core.UnifiedCall.accept(UnifiedCall.java:102)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:334)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:340)
    	at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:313)
    	at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:383)
    	at org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerResult.doExecute(FreemarkerResult.java:184)
    	at org.apache.struts2.result.StrutsResultSupport.execute(StrutsResultSupport.java:206)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.executeResult(DefaultActionInvocation.java:375)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:279)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.debugging.DebuggingInterceptor.intercept(DebuggingInterceptor.java:250)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.doIntercept(DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.java:179)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:99)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(ValidationInterceptor.java:263)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.validation.AnnotationValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(AnnotationValidationInterceptor.java:49)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:99)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ConversionErrorInterceptor.doIntercept(ConversionErrorInterceptor.java:142)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:99)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:137)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:99)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:137)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:99)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.StaticParametersInterceptor.intercept(StaticParametersInterceptor.java:201)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.MultiselectInterceptor.intercept(MultiselectInterceptor.java:67)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.DateTextFieldInterceptor.intercept(DateTextFieldInterceptor.java:133)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CheckboxInterceptor.intercept(CheckboxInterceptor.java:89)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.FileUploadInterceptor.intercept(FileUploadInterceptor.java:243)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ModelDrivenInterceptor.java:101)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.java:142)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ChainingInterceptor.intercept(ChainingInterceptor.java:160)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.PrepareInterceptor.doIntercept(PrepareInterceptor.java:175)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:99)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.I18nInterceptor.intercept(I18nInterceptor.java:121)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.ServletConfigInterceptor.intercept(ServletConfigInterceptor.java:167)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AliasInterceptor.intercept(AliasInterceptor.java:203)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ExceptionMappingInterceptor.intercept(ExceptionMappingInterceptor.java:196)
    	at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:249)
    	at org.apache.struts2.factory.StrutsActionProxy.execute(StrutsActionProxy.java:48)
    	at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:574)
    	at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:79)
    	at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:141)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.handleRewrite(RuleChain.java:176)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.doRules(RuleChain.java:145)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriter.processRequest(UrlRewriter.java:92)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:394)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
    	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:113)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.invoke(ApplicationDispatcher.java:712)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.processRequest(ApplicationDispatcher.java:459)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.doForward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:384)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.forward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:312)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.NormalRewrittenUrl.doRewrite(NormalRewrittenUrl.java:213)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.handleRewrite(RuleChain.java:171)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.doRules(RuleChain.java:145)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriter.processRequest(UrlRewriter.java:92)
    	at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:394)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
    	at org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter.doFilterInternal(OpenSessionInViewFilter.java:156)
    	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:202)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:96)
    	at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:541)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:139)
    	at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:92)
    	at org.apache.catalina.valves.AbstractAccessLogValve.invoke(AbstractAccessLogValve.java:690)
    	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:74)
    	at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:343)
    	at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:373)
    	at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:65)
    	at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:868)
    	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1589)
    	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49)
    	at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1128)
    	at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:628)
    	at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
    	at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:834)
    
    
 
 
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