Kalyan Annamalai

Prof. Kalyan Annamalai

Mechanical Engineering

Texas A&M University, USA



1975 Ph.D., Mech. Eng., Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

1968 M.Sc., Internal Combustion Eng, Indian Institute of Science, India

1966 B.Sc., Mech. Eng., University of Madras (Anna University, Guindy), India

Publications (Selected)

  1. Hyukjin Oh and Kalyan Annamalai, and John M. Sweeten, Effects of ash fouling on heat transfer during combustion of cattle biomass in a small-scale boiler burner facility under unsteady transition conditions International Journal of Energy Research, 2010 DOI: 10.1002/er.1768 {Ash Fouling with Water Tube Heat Exch -Biomass Firing}
  2. Gerardo Gordillo and Kalyan Annamalai. Adiabatic Fixed Bed Gasification of Dairy Biomass with air and steam, Fuel, 384-391, 2010{Gasification of Dairy Manure and feedlot Manure with Steam for Enhanced H2 Production }
  3. Carlin NT, Annamalai K, Oh H, Gordillo Ariza G, Lawrence B, Arcot V U, Sweeten JM, Heflin K, and Harman WL, 2008, Co-combustion and gasification of coal and cattle biomass: a review of research and experimentation. Progress in Green Energy, in press, 2009 {Review on Cattle Biomass}
  4. Carlos A. Silva and Kalyan Annamalai, Entropy Generation and Human Aging: Lifespan Entropy and Effect of Diet Composition and Caloric Restriction Diets, Journal of Thermodynamics, Volume 2009, Article ID 186723, 10 pages.
  5. Carlin NT, Annamalai K, Harman WL, Sweeten JM, 2008, The economics of reburning with cattle manure-based biomass in existing coal-fired power plants for NOx and CO2 emissions control. J of Biomass and Energy, 33 (2009), pp. 1139-1157 {Economics of reburn with Cattle Manure }
  6. Garg, Alvarado, Marsh, Carlson, Kessler, Annamalai, K, An Experimental Study on the Effect of Ultrasonication on Viscosity and Heat Transfer Performance of Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotube-Based Aqueous Nano-fluids, Int. J of Heat and Mass transfer, 52, 5090-5101,2009.
  7. Ben Lawrence, Kalyan Annamalai, John M. Sweeten and Kevin Heflin , Cofiring Coal and Dairy Biomass in a 29 kWt Furnace, J of Applied Energy, 86, # 11, 2359-2372 (2009) {Cofiring of Dairy Manure with Lignite and Wyoming Coals}
  8. Gerardo Gordillo , Kalyan Annamalai and Nicholas Carlin , Adiabatic fixed-bed gasification of coal, dairy biomass, and feedlot biomass using an air-steam mixture as an oxidizing agent, J of Renewable Energy, Volume 34, Issue 12, December 2009, Pages 2789-2797 {Gasification of Dairy Manure and feedlot Manure with Steam for Enhanced H2 Production }
  9. Carlos Silva and Kalyan Annamalai , Entropy Generation and Human Aging: Lifespan Entropy and Effect of Physical Activity Level, Journal of Entropy, V 10,100-123, 2008 {Application of Thermo to all biological systems--Humans}
  10. Magnuson, Jesse; Anderson, Thomas; Lucht, Robert, Vijayasarathy, Udayasarathy; Oh, Hyukjin; Annamalai, Kalyan; Caton, Jerald Title: Application of a Diode-Laser-Based Ultraviolet Absorption Sensor for In Situ Measurements of Atomic Mercury in Coal Combustion Exhaust, Energy & Fuels, 22, pp 3029–3036, 2008 {Sensor Development for Hg measurements}
  11. Hyukjin Oh and Kalyan Annamalai, and John M. Sweeten, Investigations of Ash Fouling with Cattle Wastes as Reburn Fuel in a Small Scale Boiler Burner under Transient Conditions,  J of Air and Waste Management Association, 58:517–529 (2007) { Ash Fouling with Biomass Firing}
  12. Thomas N. Anderson and Robert P. Lucht , Soyuz Priyadarsan1, Kalyan Annamalai, and Jerald A. Caton, In situ measurements of nitric oxide in coal-combustion exhaust using a sensor based on a widely-tunable external-cavity GaN diode laser, V 46, 3946-3957, J of Applied Optics, July 2007. { NO sensors for Coal and Biomass Applications}
  13. K.Annamalai, J. Sweeten, S.Priyadarsan, and S. Arumugam, Invited Article on “ Energy Conversion Energy Conversion: Principles for Coal, Animal Waste, and Biomass Fuels, Encyclopedia of Energy Engineering and Technology , Edited by Barney Capehart, Tyler and Francis, ISBN # 978-0-8493-3653-9; pp 476-497( 2007). Total pages 1800 {Energy Conversion Paths, Review, FutureGen}
  14. Carlin, N., Annamalai, K., Sweeten, J and Mukhtar, S. Thermo-Chemical Conversion Analysis On Dairy Manure-Based Biomass Through Direct Combustion, Int. National J of Green Energy, 4: 133–159, 2007 {Direct Combustion of Flushed manure }
  15. S.Arumugam, K Annamalai , Ben Thien and , J Sweeten, Feedlot Biomass Co-firing: A Renewable Energy Alternative for Coal-fired Utilities, Int. National J of Green Energy,Vol. 2, No. 4 , 409 - 419 , 2005. {Cofiring Coal and CB }
  16. S. Priyadarsan, K. Annamalai. Thien, J. M. Sweeten, M. T, and S. Mukhtar, Animal Waste As A Source Of Renewable Energy, Chapter 16, USDA-Source Book on Animal Waste Animal Waste as a Source of Renewable Energy, Edited by Outlaw , Chapter 16, 2005 {Cofiring, Gasification and Economics for Coal and CB }
  17. S. Priyadarsan, K. Annamalai, J. M. Sweeten, S. Mukhtar and M. T. Holtzapple, Fixed bed gasification of feedlot and Poultry litter biomass , Trans. of ASAE, 1689-1696, 47(5), 2005{ Fixed Bed Gasification of Chicken Litter }
  18. S. Priyadarsan, Annamalai, Sweeten, Holtzapple and Mukhtar, S, Co-gasification of Blended Coal with Feedlot and Chicken Litter Biomass, Proceedings of the 30th Symposium (International) on Combustion, 30 (2005) 2973-2980 {Fixed Bed Gasification of Feedlot Manure}
  19. Sweeten, J M, Annamalai, K Thien, B and McDonald, L Co-Firing of Coal and Cattle Feedlot Biomass (FB) Fuels, Part I: Feedlot Biomass (Cattle Manure) Fuel Quality and Characteristics, Fuel, V. 82, 10, 1167-1182, 2003. {Feedlot Manure Fuel Data Base and fuel quality enhancement}
  20. K. Annamalai, and B. Thien, and J. Sweeten, Co-Firing of Coal and Cattle Feedlot Biomass (FB) Fuels Part II: Performance Results from 100,000 BTU/Hr Laboratory Scale Boiler Burner, Fuel , V. 82, 10, ,1183-1193 2003 {Small scale tests on Cofiring Feedlot Manure with Coal }
  21. K. Annamalai, M Freeman, J. Sweeten, M. Mathur, Gilbert, and Jones, Co-Firing of Coal and Cattle Feedlot Biomass (FB) Fuels, Part III: Fouling Results From a 500,000 BTU/hr Pilot Plant Scale Boiler Burner Fuel , V. 82, 10, 1195-1200, 2003 {Pilot( large) scale tests on Cofiring Feedlot Manure with Coal }
  22. Sami, M., Annamalai, K. and Wooldridge, M., A Review of Co-Firing of Coal: Bio-solid fuels cofiring,  Prog. in Energy and Comb. Science, 27, 171-214, 2001(pages: 44. refs 95, Figs. 31) {Invited Review on Coal and Biomass Fuels}
  23. Tran, P. and Annamalai, K.,  Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis of the Ignition and Extinction of Solid Fuel Particles, Transactions of the ASME J. Heat Tr., Vol. 121,pp 886-893,1999{Fundamental Study on Combustion of Fixed Carbon or Char in Fuels : Quiescent or Zero Convection}
  24. Frazitta S. Annamalai K., and Sweeten J., Performance of a Burner with Coal and Coal: Feedlot manure Blends, Journal of Propulsion and Power, 15, no: 2, 181-186, (1999) {First Study on Small scale tests on Cofiring Feedlot Manure with Coal}
  25. Rodriguez, P., Annamalai, K., and Sweeten, J., Effects of Drying on Heating Values of Biomass, Society of Agricultural Transactions. 41, 1083-1087, (1998) {Loss in Heat Values if any during Drying of Manure?}