Prof. Axing Zhu

University of Wisconsin, USA



1994 Ph.D., Department of Geography, University of Toronto

1987 M.S., Department of Geography, University of Calgary

1983 B.S., Department of Geography, Beijing Normal University

Publications (selected)

1. Zhu, A.X. 2008. Detail Digital Soil Survey: Models and Methods (in Chinese), Science Press, Beijing, China, ISSN: 978-7-03-021521-5, p. 227.

2. Yang, L., F. Sherif, Y. Jiao, H. Sheldon, A.X. Zhu, C.Z. Qin, Z.G. Xu, accepted. “Updating conventional soil maps through digital soil mapping”, Soil Science Society of America Journal.

3. Qi, F., A.X. Zhu, accepted. “Comparing three methods for modeling the uncertainty in knowledge discovery from area-class soil maps”, Computers & Geosciences.

4. Li, R.K., A.X. Zhu, T. Pei, B.L. Li, C.Z. Qin, accepted. “Response of simulated streamflow to soil data spatial detail across different routing areas”, Progress in Geographic Science (Chinese).

5. Bao, L.L., C.Z. Qin, A.X. Zhu, accepted. “Quantitative error assessment of topographic wetness endex algorithms”, Progress in Geographic Science (Chinese).

6. Li, R.K., A.X. Zhu, C.Z. Qin, L.J. Chen, J.Z. Liu, accepted. “Effects of Spatial Detail of Soil Data on Distributed Watershed Modeling”, Progress in Hydrological Sciences (Chinese).

7. Liu, F., X. Geng, A.X. Zhu, W. Fraser, accepted. “Digital soil mapping over low relief areas using land surface feedback dynamic patterns extracted from MODIS”, Geoderma.

8. Qin, C.Z., A.X. Zhu, W.L. Qiu, Y.J. Lu, T. Pei, B.L. Li, accepted. “Application of fuzzy slope positions in predicting spatial distribution of soil properties in small low-relief catchments”, Geoderma.

9. Yang, L., F. Sherif, Y. Jiao, H. Sheldon, A.X. Zhu, C.Z. Qin, Z.G. Xu, accepted. “Updating conventional soil maps using knowledge on soil-environment relationships extracted from the maps”, Acta Pedologica Sinica (Chinese).

10. Du, F., A.X. Zhu, T. Pei, C.Z. Qin, accepted. “The construction of geo-visual analysis environment for raster geospatial data”, Geo-Information Science (Chinese).

11. Pei, T., C.H. Zhou, A.X. Zhu, B.L. Li, C.Z. Qin, 2010. “Windowed nearest neighbour method for mining spatio-temporal clusters in the presence of noise”, International Journal of Geographic Information Science , Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 925-948.

12. Liu, F., A.X. Zhu, T. Pei, C.Z. Qin, B.L. Li, 2010. “Application of High Temporal Resolution Satellite Remote Sensing in Identifying Soil Texture Patterns.” Journal of Geo-Information Science (Chinese), No. 5, pp. 773-740.

13. Zhu, A.X., F. Qi, A. Moore, J.E. Burt, 2010. “Prediction of soil properties using fuzzy membership”, Geoderma, Vol. 158, pp. 199-206.

14. Yang, L., A.X. Zhu, C.Z. Qin, B.L. Li, T. Pei, W.L. Qiu, Z.G. Xu, 2010. “A purposive sampling design method based on typical points and its application in soil mapping”, Progress in Geographic Science (Chinese), Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 279-286.

15. Qin, C.Z., Y.J. Lu, W.L. Qiu, A.X. Zhu, L.Y. Zhang, L. Yang. 2010. “Application of fuzzy slope positions in predicting spatial distribution of soil property at finer scale”, Geographic Research (Chinese), Vol. 29, No. 9, pp. 1706-1714.

16. Pei, T., C.Z. Qin, A.X. Zhu*, L. Yang, M. Luo, B.L. Li, C.H. Zhou, 2010. “Mapping soil organic matter using the topographic wetness index: A comparative study based on different flow-direction algorithms and kriging methods”, Ecological Indicator, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 610-619.

17. Zhu, A.X., F. Liu, B.L. Li, T. Pei, C.Z. Qin, G.H. Liu, Y.J. Wang, Y.N. Chen, X.W. Ma, F. Qi, C.H. Zhou, 2010. “Differentiation of soil conditions over flat areas using land surface feedback dynamic patterns extracted from MODIS”, Soil Science Society of America Journal. DOI:10.2136/sssaj2008.0411.

18. Behrens, T., K. Schmidt, A.X. Zhu, T. Scholten, 2010. “The ConMap approach for terrain based digital soil mapping”, European Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 133-143.

19. Zhu, A.X., L. Yang, B.L. Li, C.Z. Qin, T. Pei, B.Y. Liu, 2010. “Construction of quantitative relationships between soil and environment using fuzzy c-means clustering”, Geoderma, Vol. 155, No. 3-4, pp. 166-174.

20. Behrens, T., A.X. Zhu, K. Schmidt, T. Scholten, 2010. “Multi-scale digital terrain analysis and feature selection for digital soil mapping”, Geoderma, Vol. 155. No. 3-4, pp. 175-185.

21. Wang, P., A.X. Zhu, Q.G. Cai, H.P. Liu, 2009. “Establishment of conceptual soil erosion model and application in purple soil watershed”, Transactions of the CSAE (Chinese), Vol. 12, pp. 80-87.

22. Qin, C.Z., A.X Zhu, T. Pei, B.L. Li, S. Scholten, T. Behrens, C.H. Zhou, 2009. “An approach to computing topographic wetness index based on maximum downslope gradient”. Precision Agriculture. doi: 10.1007/s11119-009-9152-y.

23. Qin, C.Z., Y.J. Lu, L.L. Bao, A.X. Zhu, W.L. Qiu, W.M. Cheng, 2009. “Simple digital terrain analysis software (SimDTA V1.0) and its application in fuzzy classification of slope positions”, Journal of Geo-Information Science(Chinese), Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 737-743.

24. Pei, T., A.X. Zhu, C. Zhou, B. Li, C. Qin, 2009. “Detecting feature from spatial point processes using Collective Nearest Neighbor”, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 33, No. 6, pp. 435-447.

25. Ren, G., A.X. Zhu, W. Wang, W. Xiao, Y. Huang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Zhu, 2009. “A hierarchical approach coupled with coarse DEM information for improving the efficiency and accuracy of forest mapping over very rugged terrains”, Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 258, No. 1, pp. 26-34.

26. Liu, H.L., C.H. Zhou, A.X. Zhu, L. Li, 2009. “Multi-population genetic neural network model for short-term traffic flow prediction at intersections”, Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica (Chinese), Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 363-368.

27. Qin, C. A.X. Zhu*, X. Shi, T. Pei, B. Li, C. Zhou, 2009. “The quantification of spatial gradation of slope positions”, Geomorphology, Vol. 110, No. 3-4, pp. 152-161.

28. Liu, J., Zhu, A.X., 2009. “Mapping with words: a new approach to automated digital soil survey”, International Journal of Intelligent Systems, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 293-311.

29. Liu, F., A.X. Zhu, B.L. Li, T. Pei, C.H. Qin, G.H. Liu, Y.J. Wang, C.H. Zhou, 2009. “Differentiation of soil spatial variation using land surface dynamics captured by remote sensing techniques”, Soil Information (Chinese), Vol. 40 (3), pp. 501-508.

30. Yang, L., A.X. Zhu, C.Z. Qin, B.L. Li, T. Pei, B.Y. Liu, 2009. “Mapping soil property using fuzzy membership: an example from He Shan, Heilongjiang Province”, Acta Pedologica Sinica (Chinese), Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 9-15.

31. Pei, T., A. Jasra, D.J. Hand, A.X. Zhu, 2009. “DECODE: A new method for discovering clusters of different densities in spatial data”, Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 337-369.

32. Yang, F.H., A.X. Zhu, K. Ichii, M.A. White, H. Hashimoto, R.R. Nemani, 2008. “Representativeness Analysis of the Ameriflux Network”, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000627, 2008.

33. Zhou, S.Y., A.X. Zhu, W.L. Qiu, F. Liu, J.C. Dai, 2008. “GIS-based connectivity analysis and its application in prime farmland protection planning”, Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 7, pp. 72-77.

34. Qi, F., Zhu, A-X., Pei, T., Qin, C., and Burt, J.E., 2008, “Knowledge discovery from area-class resource maps: capturing prototype effects”, Cartography and Geographic Information Science, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 223-237.

35. Li, B.L., A.X. Zhu, C.H. Zhou, Y.C. Zhang, T. Pei, C.Z. Qin, 2008. “Automatic mapping of snow cover depletion curves using optical remote sensing data under conditions of frequent cloud cover and temporary snow”, Hydrological Processes, Vol. 22, No. 16, pp. 2930-2942.

36. Qin, C.Z., A.X. Zhu, X. Shi, B.L. Li, T. Pei, C.H. Zhou, 2007. “Fuzzy inference of gradation of slope positions”, Geographical Research (Chinese), Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 1165-1174.

37. Yang, F., K. Ichii, M.A. White, H. Hashimoto, A.R. Michaelis, P.Votava, A.X. Zhu, A. Huete, S. Running, R.R. Nemani, 2007. “Developing a continental-scale measure of gross primary production by combining MODIS and AmeriFlux data through support vector machine approach”, Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 110, No. 1, pp. 109-122.

38. Cui, M., Q.G. Cai, A.X. Zhu, H.M. Fan, 2007. “Soil erosion along a long slope in the gentle hilly areas of black soil region in Northest China”. Journal of Geographical Sciences, Vol. 17, pp. 375-383.

39. Yang, L., A. X, Zhu, B.L. Li, C. Qin, T. Pei, B.Y. Liu, R.K. Li, Q.G. Cai, 2007. Extraction of Knowledge about Soil-Environment Relationship for Soil Mapping Using Fuzzy c-Means (FCM) Clustering. Acta Pedologica Sinica (Chinese), Vol. 44 (5), pp. 16-23.

40. Pei, T., A.X. Zhu, C.H. Zhou, B.L. Li, C.Z. Qin, 2007. “Delineation of support domain of feature in the presence of noise”, Computer & Geosciences, Vol. 33, pp. 592-965.

41. Qin, C., A.X. Zhu, T. Pei, L. Yang, T. Pei, B. Li, C. Zhou, 2007. “An adaptive approach to selecting flow partition exponent for multiple flow direction algorithm”, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 443-458.

42. Li, R.K. A.X. Zhu, P.C. Augello, J.E. Burt, 2007. “Sensitivity of SWAT model to detailed soil information”, Geo-Information Science (Chinese), Vol. 9. No. 3, pp. 72-78.

43. Shi, X., A.X. Zhu, J. Burt, W. Choi, R. Wang, T. Pei, B. Li, C. Qin, 2007. “An experiment using a circular neighborhood to calculated slope gradient from a DEM”, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 73, No. 2, pp. 143-154.

44. Roth, R., A.X. Zhu, E. Holbus, J. Papez, J. Quan, 2006. “An automated approach to site selection for ecological restoration in fragmented landscape”, Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 98-105.

45. Qin, C.Z., A.X. Zhu, B.L. Li, T. Pei, C.H. Zhou, 2006. “Review of multiple flow direction algorithms based on gridded digital elevation models”, Earth Science Frontiers (Chinese), Vol.13 (3), pp. 91-98.

46. Qin, C.Z, L. Yang, A.X. Zhu, B.L. Li, T. Pei, C.H. Zhou, 2006. “A method for computing topographic wetness index over flat terrain”, Progress in Geographic Science (Chinese).

47. Qin, C.Z, B.L. Li, A.X. Zhu, L. Yang, T. Pei, C.H. Zhou, 2006. “A strategy for allocating flow in multiple direction using down-slope gradient”, Progress in Hydrological Science (Chinese), Vol. 17 (4), pp. 450-456.

48. Zhu, A.X., T. Pei, J.P. Qiao, Y.B. Chen, C.H. Zhou, Q.G. Cai, 2006. “A knowledge-based approach to landslide susceptibility assessment”, Progress in Geographic Science (Chinese), Vol. 25(4): 1-12.

49. Yang, F., M. A. White, A. R. Michaelis, K. Ichii, H. Hashimoto, P. Votava, A.X. Zhu, R.R. Nemani, 2006. “Prediction of Continental Scale Evapotranspiration by Combining MODIS and AmeriFlux Data through Support Vector Machine”, IEEE Transaction on Geosciences and Remote Sensing, Vol. 44, No. 11, pp. 3452-3461.

50. Li, B.L, A.X. Zhu, Y.C. Zhang, T. Pei, C.Z. Qin, C.H. Zhou, 2006. “Glacier change over the past four decades in the middle Chinese Tien Shan”, Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 52, No. 178, pp. 425-432.

51. Smith, M., A.X. Zhu*, J.E. Burt, C. Stiles, 2006, “Effects of DEM resolution and neighborhood size on soil survey”, Geoderma, Vol. 137, pp. 58-69.

52. Qi, F., A.X. Zhu, M. Harrower, and J.E. Burt. 2006. “Fuzzy soil mapping based on prototype category theory”, Geoderma, Vol. 136, pp. 774-787.

53. Pei, T., A.X. Zhu, C.H. Zhou, B.L. Li, C. Qin, 2006. “A new approach on nearest-neighbor method to discover cluster features in overlaid spatial point processes”, International Geographical Information Science, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 153-168.

54. Qiao, J.P., A.X. Zhu, C.Y. Wu, H.L. Tian, 2006. “Landslide susceptibility analysis based on contribution of intrinsic factors”, Mountain Research, Volume 24, No. 5, pp. 569-573.

55. Zhu, A.X., B.L. Li, L. Yang, T. Pei, C.Z. Qin, G.L. Zhang, Q.G. Cai, C.H. Zhou, 2005. “Predictive Soil Mapping Based on A GIS, Expert Knowledge, and Fuzzy Logic Framework and Its Application Prospects in China”, ACTA Pedologica Sinica, Vol. 42, No. 5, pp. 844-851.

56. Quinn, T., A.X. Zhu, J.E. Burt, 2005. “Effects of detail soil spatial information on watershed modeling across different model scales”, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Vol. 7, pp. 324-338.

57. Li, W., C. Zhang, J.E. Burt, A.X. Zhu. 2005. A Markov chain-based probability vector approach for modeling spatial uncertainties of soil classes. Soil Science Society of American Journal, Vol. 69, No. 6, pp. 1931-1942.

58. Li, W., J.E. Burt, A.X. Zhu, C. Zhang, J. Feyen, 2004. “Two-dimensional Markov chain for simulating spatial distribution of soil types”, Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 68, pp. 1479-1490.

59. Shi, X., A.X. Zhu, J. Burt, F. Qi, D. Simonson, 2004. “A case-based reasoning approach to fuzzy soil mapping”, Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 68, pp. 885-894.

60. Qi, F., A.X. Zhu, 2003. “Knowledge discovery from soil maps using inductive learning”, International Journal of Geographical information Science, Vol. 17, No. 8, pp. 771-795.

61. Qiao, J.P., A.X. Zhu, Y.B. Chen, R.X. Wang, 2003. “A 3D visible evaluation of landslide risk degree under integration of GIS and artificial intelligence”, Science in China E: Engineering & Materials Science, Vol. 46, pp. 142-147.

62. Zhu, A.X., B. Hudson, J. E. Burt, K. Lubich, 2001. “Soil mapping using GIS, expert knowledge and fuzzy logic”, Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 65, pp. 1463-1472.

63. Zhu, A.X., D.S, Mackay, 2001. “Effects of spatial detail of soil information on watershed modeling”, Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 248, pp. 54-77.

64. Zhu, A.X. 2000. “Mapping soil landscape as spatial continua:  the neural network approach”. Water Resources Research, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 663-677.

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