New Discovery on Planck Units and Physical Dimension in Cosmic Continuum Theory

Author(s)
Xijia Wang

ABSTRACT

In 1899, Max Planck integrated the Planck constant*h* with the gravitational constant *G* and the speed of light *c*, discovered a set of physical constants, and created Planck Units System. Since 20th century, the development of physics made the gravitational constant, the speed of light, and the Planck constant the most important fundamental constants of physics representing classical theory, relativity, and quantum theory, respectively. Now, the Planck Units have been given new physical meanings, revealing the mysteries of many physical boundaries. However, more than 100 years have passed, Planck Units System not only failed to get rid of the incompatibility between the basic theories of physics, but also cannot surpass the limitations of existing physics theories. In Cosmic Continuum Theory, physical dimensions can be transformed under the principle of equivalence. Planck units system not only integrates into the axiom system of Cosmic Continuum Theory, but also establishes a benchmark for the unity of physical dimensions. The introduction of the abstract physical dimensions “JX” and “XJ” makes the physical dimension of existence quantity and dimension quantity unified respectively.

In 1899, Max Planck integrated the Planck constant

KEYWORDS

Cosmic Continuum, Axiomatic Physics, Fundamental Constants of Physics, Gravitational Redshift, Planck Units, Dimensional Analysis

Cosmic Continuum, Axiomatic Physics, Fundamental Constants of Physics, Gravitational Redshift, Planck Units, Dimensional Analysis

Cite this paper

Wang, X. (2018) New Discovery on Planck Units and Physical Dimension in Cosmic Continuum Theory.*Journal of Modern Physics*, **9**, 2391-2401. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2018.914153.

Wang, X. (2018) New Discovery on Planck Units and Physical Dimension in Cosmic Continuum Theory.

References

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https://doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2018.96074

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s002050100139

[1] Wang, X.J. (2018) Journal of Modern Physics, 9, 1250-1270.

https://doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2018.96074

[2] Wang, X.J. and Wu, J.X. (1992) The Unity Theory. Haitian Publishing House, Shenzhen.

[3] Wang, X.J. and Wu, J.X. (2001) Crack to the Puzzle of Scientific Unity. Hunan Science & Technology Press, Changsha.

[4] Planck, M. (1899) über irreversible Strahlungsvorgänge. Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 5: 440-480. (pp. 478-480 contain the first appearance of the Planck base units other than the Planck charge, and of Planck’s constant, which Planck denoted by b)

[5] Wesson, P.S. (1980) Space Science Reviews, 27, 109-153.

[6] Duff, M., Okun, L.B. and Veneziano, G. (2002) Journal of High Energy Physics, 3, 23.

https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2002/03/023

[7] Ashtekar, A. (2013) Loop Quantum Gravity and the The Planck Regime of Cosmology, arXiv:1303.4989.

[8] Gonzalez-Mestres, L. (2014) EPJ Web of Conferences, 71, 00063.

[9] Post, E.J. (1982) Foundations of Physics, 12, 169-195.

https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00736847

[10] Robinett, R.W. (2015) American Journal of Physics, 83, 353-361.

https://doi.org/10.1119/1.4902882

[11] Fischer, J. and Ullrich, J. (2016) Nature Physics, 12, 4-7.

https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3612

[12] Kisak, P.F. (2015) Planck Units: The Fundamental Scale of Cosmology. CreateSpace Independent Pub, Colorado Springs.

[13] CODATA Value: Newtonian Constant of Gravitation. The NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty. US National Institute of Standards and Technology. June 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-25. 2014 CODATA Recommended Values.

[14] Staff. Birth of the Universe. University of Oregon. Retrieved September 24, 2016. (Discusses “Planck time” and “Planck era” at the very beginning of the Universe)

[15] Barrow, J.D. (2002) The Constants of Nature; From Alpha to Omega—The Numbers that Encode the Deepest Secrets of the Universe. Pantheon Books, New York.

[16] Barrow, J.D. and Tipler, F.J. (1988) The Anthropic Cosmological Principle. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

[17] Dirac, P.A.M. (1938) Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 165, 199-208.

https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1938.0053

[18] Tomilin, K.A. (1999) Natural Systems of Units: To the Centenary Anniversary of the Planck System, 287-296.

[19] Pavsic, M. (2001) The Landscape of Theoretical Physics: A Global View. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 347-352.

https://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0610061

[20] Davies, P.C., Davis, T.M. and Lineweaver, C.H. (2002) Nature, 418, 602-603.

[21] Nieto, J., Poupaud, F. and Soler, J. (2001) Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 158, 29-59.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s002050100139