PSYCH  Vol.9 No.11 , October 2018
Emotional Intelligence and Health Outcomes
Author(s) Leehu Zysberg
ABSTRACT
This paper presents the relatively novel concept of Emotional Intelligence (EI) within the context of health care and health outcomes. The paper uses the available literature to present what is already known, describe emerging trends and highlight what is still unknown, regarding the role of EI in determining various health outcomes. The author offers an interpretive analysis of the existing evidence and presents a preliminary explanatory model of the association between EI and various health outcomes. The model is discussed, and directions for future studies and applications are presented.
Cite this paper
Zysberg, L. (2018) Emotional Intelligence and Health Outcomes. Psychology, 9, 2471-2481. doi: 10.4236/psych.2018.911142.
References
[1]   Austin, E. J., Saklofske, D. H., & Egan, V. (2005). Personality, Well-Being and Health Correlates of Trait Emotional Intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 547-558.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.009

[2]   Berkman, L. F., & Glass, T. (2000). Social Integration, Social Networks, Social Support, and Health. Social Epidemiology, 1, 137-173.

[3]   Brackett, M. A., & Mayer, J. D. (2003). Convergent, Discriminant, and Incremental Validity of Competing Measures of Emotional Intelligence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1147-1158.https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167203254596

[4]   Brosschot, J. F., Gerin, W., & Thayer, J. F. (2006). The Perseverative Cognition Hypothesis: A Review of Worry, Prolonged Stress-Related Physiological Activation, and Health. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 60, 113-124.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.06.074

[5]   Cherniss, C., Extein, M., Goleman, D., & Weissberg, R. P. (2006). Emotional Intelligence: What Does the Research Really Indicate? Educational Psychologist, 41, 239-245.
https://doi.org/10.1207/s15326985ep4104_4

[6]   Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2009). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Stress Management in Healthy People: A Review and Meta-Analysis. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15, 593-600.
https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2008.0495

[7]   Cooper, A., & Petrides, K. V. (2010). A Psychometric Analysis of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF) Using Item Response Theory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 449-457.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2010.497426

[8]   DeLongis, A., Coyne, J. C., Dakof, G., Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1982). Relationship of Daily Hassles, Uplifts, and Major Life Events to Health Status. Health Psychology, 1, 119.
https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.1.2.119

[9]   Eriksson, M., & Lindstrom, B. (2006). Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence Scale and the Relation with Health: A Systematic Review. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 60, 376-381.
https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2005.041616

[10]   Goleman, D. (1996). Emotional Intelligence. Why It Can Matter More than IQ. Learning, 24, 49-50.

[11]   Gustafsson, J. E. (1984). A Unifying Model for the Structure of Intellectual Abilities. Intelligence, 8, 179-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-2896(84)90008-4

[12]   Johnston, V. S. (1999). Why We Feel: The Science of Human Emotions. Perseus Publishing.

[13]   Khalili, A. (2012). The Role of Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace: A Literature Review. International Journal of Management, 29, 355.

[14]   Landa, J. M. A., López-Zafra, E., Martos, M. P. B., & del Carmen Aguilar-Luzón, M. (2008). The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Occupational Stress and Health in Nurses: A Questionnaire Survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45, 888-901.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2007.03.005

[15]   Leventhal, H., & Scherer, K. (1987). The Relationship of Emotion to Cognition: A Functional Approach to a Semantic Controversy. Cognition and Emotion, 1, 3-28.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02699938708408361

[16]   Makikangas, A., Kinnunen, U., & Feldt, T. (2004). Self-Esteem, Dispositional Optimism, and Health: Evidence from Cross-Lagged Data on Employees. Journal of Research in Personality, 38, 556-575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2004.02.001

[17]   Martins, A., Ramalho, N., & Morin, E. (2010). A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Health. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 554-564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2010.05.029

[18]   Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D. R., & Salovey, P. (1999). Emotional Intelligence Meets Traditional Standards for an Intelligence. Intelligence, 27, 267-298.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896(99)00016-1

[19]   Mayer, J. D., Roberts, R. D., & Barsade, S. G. (2008). Human Abilities: Emotional Intelligence. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 507-536.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093646

[20]   Morris, D., & Bromhall, C. (1994). The Human Animal: A Personal View of the Human Species. London: BBC Books.

[21]   Nesse, R. M. (1990). Evolutionary Explanations of Emotions. Human Nature, 1, 261-289.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02733986

[22]   Petrides, K. V. (2010). Trait Emotional Intelligence Theory. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 3, 136-139.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01213.x

[23]   Petrides, K. V., & Furnham, A. (2001). Trait Emotional Intelligence: Psychometric Investigation with Reference to Established Trait Taxonomies. European Journal of Personality, 15, 425-448.
https://doi.org/10.1002/per.416

[24]   Samaie, G., & Farahani, H. A. (2011). Self-Compassion as a Moderator of the Relationship between Rumination, Self-Reflection and Stress. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 978-982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.190

[25]   Sanchez-Alvarez, N., Extremera, N., & Fernández-Berrocal, P. (2016). The Relation between Emotional Intelligence and Subjective Well-Being: A Meta-Analytic Investigation. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11, 276-285.
https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2015.1058968

[26]   Schutte, M. J., Ree, M. J., & Carretta, T. R. (2004). Emotional Intelligence: Not Much more than G and Personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 1059-1068.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2003.11.014

[27]   Schutte, N. S., Malouff, J. M., Thorsteinsson, E. B., Bhullar, N., & Rooke, S. E. (2007). A Meta-Analytic Investigation of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Health. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 921-933.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.09.003

[28]   Sternberg, E. M. (2001). The Balance within: The Science Connecting Health and Emotions. New York, NY: Macmillan.

[29]   Stough, C., Saklofske, D. H., & Parker, J. D. (2009). A Brief Analysis of 20 Years of Emotional Intelligence: An Introduction to Assessing Emotional Intelligence: Theory, Research, and Applications. In Assessing Emotional Intelligence (pp. 3-8). Boston, MA: Springer.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88370-0_1

[30]   Thorndike, R. K. (1920). Intelligence and Its Uses. Harper’s Magazine, 140, 227-335.

[31]   Zysberg, L. (2016). Diabetic Management and Emotional Intelligence—An Emerging Direction in Current Research. Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes, 3, 1-3.
https://doi.org/10.15226/2374-6890/3/2/00145

[32]   Zysberg, L. (2017). Emotional Intelligence and Health Outcomes: Toward an Ecological Model of Well-Being. New York, NY: Nova.

[33]   Zysberg, L. (2017b). Emotional Intelligence Moderates Anxiety Reactions in Chronic Health Conditions. American Journal of Applied Psychology, 6, 38-41.
https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajap.20170603.12

[34]   Zysberg, L., Bar Yoseph, T., & Goldman, M. (2017). Emotional Intelligence and Glycemic Management among Type I Diabetes Patients. Journal of Health Psychology, 22, 158-163.
https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105315596373

 
 
Top