OJST  Vol.8 No.7 , July 2018
Craniofacial Horn Injuries: Rares Lesional Entities at the University Hospital of Bouaké (Côte d’Ivoire)
ABSTRACT
Aim: Describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic particularities of craniofacial trauma by encornment. Type of study: This was a retrospective and descriptive study. Material and methods: It took place in the surgical emergency departments of Bouaké (Côte d’Ivoire) University Hospital from January 2013 to December 2017, for a period of 5 years. It focused on patients of 0 to 5 years old admitted for craniofacial trauma involving the horn of a bovine. Results: Of the 26 cases of traumatic encornment, 11 were craniofacial location (42%). There were 9 male and 2 female victims. The average age was 10.54 years with extremes of 6 months and 24 years. Patients came from rural areas of Côte d’Ivoire. Bovids were responsible for all causal encornements. The lesions involved the scalp (3 cases) and the face (8 cases). The lesions were cutaneous-musculo skeletal in 7 cases. The surgical treatment included debridement associated to a suture in all cases and associated with maxillo mandibular blockage in 3 cases and duro-cranioplasty in one case. Conclusion: In the local context, facial cranio traumatism by encornement is rare and seems to be essentially infantile, masculine and rural problem.
Cite this paper
Zegbeh-N’Guessan, E. , Benie, A. , Bi, G. , Kone-Kamate, R. , Konan, S. and Crezoit, G. (2018) Craniofacial Horn Injuries: Rares Lesional Entities at the University Hospital of Bouaké (Côte d’Ivoire). Open Journal of Stomatology, 8, 250-257. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2018.87023.
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