ABSTRACT Objectives: Hypoglycemia is a recognized danger in pediatric patients. Extended period of preoperative fasting in this subset of patients is not well tolerated with metabolic derangements. The oral carbohydrate loading preoperatively can ameliorate many adverse effects. The aim of this study was to compare the glycemic profile in pediatric cardiac surgical patients kept fasting preoperatively with those fed oral clear solutions of carbohydrate half hour prior to induction of anaesthesia. Also we tried to establish a correlation with other factors contributing topreoperative hypoglycemia. Methodology: We planned a randomized controlled study. Group A included patients who were kept fasting according to the ASA guidelines preoperatively and Group B included patients who received 2ml per kg of body weight of 10% Dextrose water as oral feeds half hour before the expected time of start of anaesthesia. Results: The mean (SD) preoperative BG concentrations were higher in group B (102.5±16.97) as compared to group A (64.08±25.37) (p value < 0.0001). Additionally in both the groups, cyanotics had a higher propensity towards decreased preoperative blood sugar levels (correlation coefficient -0.86 and -0.67) (pvalue < 0.05). Conclusion: Preoperative oral carbohydrate preloading can develop as the easiest and cheapest path to better perioperative blood glucose concentration management in congenital cardiac disease children.
Cite this paper
Balasubramaniam, U. , Kiran, U. , Hasija, S. and Devagourou, V. (2018) Randomized Study Comparing Pre-Operative Glycemic Profile in Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patients Administered Oral Carbohydrate Solution Preoperatively versus Those Kept Fasting. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 8, 298-306. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2018.86029.
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