1990s, companies have started
to shift their productions to the low-cost countries and this strategy is
commonly known as offshoring. However,
over the past years, the evidence shows that offshoring strategies may not
continue to be beneficial for the organization’s companies activities.
Consequently during the recent years, companies have begun to pay more attention to unquantifiable factors, such as
the supply chain issue and strategy factors rather than simply relying on and the lowest price that in turn can mean the highest risk and high total cost. Having considered
the discrepancy between the initially estimates cost of offshoring and those of
actually occurred, companies are coming back through re-shoring strategies. In
this paper, an overview of the main literature has been
conducted to provide a better understanding of the term re-shoring. In the
first section, various definitions and explanation of the concept of re-shoring will be
presented. After that, the main motivations behind the re-shoring are discussed.
The second part relies on the concept of resilience.
We analyze resilience as a resource and response to the recent economic and
financial crisis. In particular, this paper analyzes the role of economic
resilience of the territories belonging to companies that have adopted
offshoring strategies in the past and whether this has contributed to
repatriation phenomena. In this regard, with the aid of recent data, we intend
to understand the behavior of companies that have carried out re-shoring
actions and their links with the economic resilience of the Italian regions. We
also present whether there is a relationship at regional level between
companies that have made re-shoring choices and the degree of economic
resilience of a regional area. Finally, the critical considerations will
Cite this paper
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