JBM  Vol.6 No.3 , March 2018
Role of Protein Kinase Cδ-Mediated Spleen Tyrosine Kinase (Syk) Phosphorylation on Ser in the Amplification of Oral Mucosal Inflammatory Responses to Porphyromonas gingivalis
ABSTRACT
The signaling events underlying oral mucosal inflammatory responses to P. gingivalis and its key endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), relay primarily on the LPS engagement of Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4), and the activation of IκB-kinase complex (IKK) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs that exert their control over transcription factors implicated in the regulation of iNOS and COX-2 proinflammatory genes expression). Since spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) has emerged recently as a major amplifier in the production of proinflammatory mediators, we investigated the process of recruitment and interaction of Syk with TLR4 in salivary gland acinar cells in response to P. gingivalis LPS. Our findings revealed that stimulation of the acinar cells with the LPS leads to protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ)-mediated phosphorylation of Syk on Ser which results in its localization with the membrane associated TLR4 complex and the activation through phosphorylation on Tyr. Further, our results support the involvement of Syk in the amplification of transcription factors involved in the assembly and expression of transcription complexes associated with the induction in COX-2 and iNOS genes. Therefore, our data suggest that PKCδ is a primary linchpin affecting the Syk recruitment to the membrane localized TLR4, and hence affects the efficiency of the kinase activation and the magnitude of oral mucosal inflammatory response to P. gingivalis.
Cite this paper
Slomiany, B. and Slomiany, A. (2018) Role of Protein Kinase Cδ-Mediated Spleen Tyrosine Kinase (Syk) Phosphorylation on Ser in the Amplification of Oral Mucosal Inflammatory Responses to Porphyromonas gingivalis. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 6, 70-85. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2018.63005.
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