OJN  Vol.8 No.2 , February 2018
Evaluation of the Fertility and Mortality in Women at Fertile Age
The female population is passing through many transformations as on the familiar life as for the society. This inequality among the genders reflects on the health, mainly, on the women. The women morbidity and mortality surveillance is one of the priorities of the Health Ministry. This worksheet aims to evaluate the fertile women fertility and mortality, from 10 to 49 years old, in Trairi/RN. It is descriptive, ecological and temporary, whose analysis is based on the Mortality Information System data, in a period of 5 years (2010-2014), at the Vth Public Health Regional Center (URSAP), which embraces the Trairi region, composed by 21 cities, in Rio Grande do Norte. The data processing and analysis were used by the SPSS software. It was observed the mortality coefficient with a decline from 2011 (0.84) and back to increase in 2014 (0.94). This reveals the necessity of better health actions and monitoring from other factors that may interfere on women health.
Cite this paper
da Silva Medeiros, T. , dos Santos Ferreira, T. , de Souza Bezerra, H. , de Melo, J. , Nobre, T. and de Andrade, F. (2018) Evaluation of the Fertility and Mortality in Women at Fertile Age. Open Journal of Nursing, 8, 139-149. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2018.82012.
[1]   Ferreira, D.L. and Pires, V.A.T.N. (2013) Profile of Morbidity and Mortality at Wo- men in Fertile Age on the Scoop of the Health Region in Ipatinga. Integrated Nursing Magazine, 6, 1119-1132.

[2]   Health Ministry (BR) (2007) Maternal Mortality Committee Manual. Health Ministry, Brasília.

[3]   United Nations in Brazil (UNBR) Maternal Mortality Causes and High Index of Deaths from the UNFPA Forum in Salvador. News Published in August 8th, 2012.

[4]   Gomes, K.R.O. and Tanaka, A.C.A. (2003) Referred Morbidity and Health Services Use by Working Women, Sao Paulo. Public Health Magazine, 37.

[5]   Health Ministry (BR) (2006) Study of Women Mortality from 10 to 49 Years Old, with Emphasis on the Maternal Mortality. Health Ministry, Brasília.

[6]   Ferraz, L. and Bordignon, M. (2012) Maternal Mortality in Brazil: A Reality that Needs to Change. RBSP, 36, 527-538.

[7]   Health Ministry (BR) (2004) Health Care Secretary. Department of Strategically Programmed Actions. National Pact by the Maternal and Newborn Mortality. Health Ministry, Brasília.

[8]   Berquó, E.S. and Cavenaghi, S.M. (2014) Notes about the Diferential Educational and Economic of the Fertility in Brazil. R. bras. Est. Pop., 31, 471-482.

[9]   Osis, M.J.D. (1998) PAISM: A Milestone on the Reproductive Health Approach in Brazil. Cad. Public Health, 14, 25-32.

[10]   Costa, A.M. (1999) PAISM Developing and Implementation in Brazil. In: Giffin, K. and Costa, S.H., Orgs., Reproductive Health Questions, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, 468 p.

[11]   Planning Ministry, Budget and Management (BR) and Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA) (2016) Women Mortality per Aggressions in Brazil: Profile and Corrected Estimate (2011-2013). IPEA, Brasília.

[12]   Health Ministry (BR) (2008) Women Policies Especial Secretary. II National Plan of Women Policies. Women Policies Especial Secretary, Brasília.

[13]   Health Ministry (BR) (1984) Integral Assistance to the Women Health. Programmatic Basis Action. Documentation Center, Brasília.

[14]   Alves, L., Araujo, C. and Cordeiro, I. (2012) Gender Relations and Sexual Diversities: The Lesbian Women Opression. 17th National Meeting of the Female Network and North and Northeast of Studies and Research about the Women and Gender Relations.