OJSS  Vol.8 No.2 , February 2018
Pedo-Transfer Functions to Estimate Kinetic Parameters for Anaerobic Soil Nitrogen Mineralization
Knowledge of potential anaerobic soil N mineralization is important for nitrogen fertilizer application. Instead of time-consuming laboratory incubation, we attempt to use pedo-transfer functions (PTFs) approach to get this information. 27 soil samples with various soil depths were collected from paddy field, woodland and tea field in subtropical central China, anaerobically incubated at 35°C for 7 weeks to determine N mineralization, which was fitted by a modified double exponential model with two parameters (the fraction of active N pool (f) and mineralization rate constant (k) for active N pool). The PTFs for parameters were developed from significant soil properties using multiple stepwise regression method. Parameter f (range: 1.59% - 10.4%, mean: 5.2%) was mainly correlated with soil total N (TN), organic C (SOC), sand and silt particle contents (r = -0.59 - 0.69, p < 0.01), and parameter k (range: 0.027 - 0.155 d-1, mean: 0.97 d-1) was significantly related to TN, SOC, clay content, C to N ratio and pH (r = -0.6 - 0.71, p < 0.05). Three variables (SOC, silt and pH) could estimate parameter f (R2 = 0.72, p < 0.01) well and two (TN and pH) for parameter k (R2 = 0.61, p < 0.01). The developed PTFs, integrating various land uses and soil depths, suggest that basic soil properties are helpful for estimation of anaerobic soil N mineralization.
Cite this paper
Zou, G. , Zhao, F. , Shan, Y. and Li, Y. (2018) Pedo-Transfer Functions to Estimate Kinetic Parameters for Anaerobic Soil Nitrogen Mineralization. Open Journal of Soil Science, 8, 75-86. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2018.82006.
[1]   Canfield, D.E., Glazer, A.N. and Falkowski, P.G. (2010) The Evolution and Future of Earth’s Nitrogen Cycle. Science, 330, 192-196.

[2]   Barak, P., Jobe, B.O., Krueger, A.R., Peterson, L.A. and Laird, D.A. (1997) Effects of Long-Term Soil Acidification Due to Nitrogen Fertilizer Inputs in Wisconsin. Plant and Soil, 197, 61-69.

[3]   Smith, K.A., McTaggart, I.P. and Tsuruta, H. (1997) Emissions of N2O and NO Associated with Nitrogen Fertilization in Intensive Agriculture, and the Potential for Mitigation. Soil Use and Management, 13, 296-304.

[4]   McIsaac, G.F., David, M.B., Gertner, G.Z. and Goolsby, D.A. (2001) Eutrophication: Nitrate Flux in the Mississippi River. Nature, 414, 166-167.

[5]   Ladha, J.K., Pathak, H., Krupnik, T., Six, J. and van Kessel, C. (2005) Efficiency of Fertilizer Nitrogen in Cereal Production: Retrospects and Prospects. Advances in Agronomy, 87, 85-156.

[6]   Li, H., Han, Y. and Cai, Z. (2003) Nitrogen Mineralization in Paddy Soils of the Taihu Region of China under Anaerobic Conditions: Dynamics and Model Fitting. Geoderma, 115, 161-175.

[7]   Haer, H.S. and Benbi, D.K. (2003) Modeling Nitrogen Mineralization Kinetics in Arable Soils of Semiarid India. Arid Land Research Management, 17, 153-168.

[8]   Smith, J.L., McNeal, B.L., Owens, E.J. and Klock, G.O. (1981) Comparison of Nitrogen Mineralized under Anaerobic and Aerobic Conditions for Some Agricultural and Forest Soils of Washington. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 12, 997-1009.

[9]   Guntiñas, M.E., Leirós, M.C., Trasar-Cepeda, C. and Gil-Sotres, F. (2012) Effects of Moisture and Temperature on Net Soil Nitrogen Mineralization: A Laboratory Study. European Journal of Soil Biology, 48, 73-80.

[10]   Zhang, S., Chen, D., Sun, D., Wang, X., Smith, J.L. and Du, G. (2012) Impacts of Altitude and Position on the Rates of Soil Nitrogen Mineralization and Nitrification in Alpine Meadows on the Eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 48, 393-400.

[11]   Dalias, P., Anderson, J.M., Bottner, P. and Coûteaux, M. (2002) Temperature Responses of Net Nitrogen Mineralization and Nitrification in Conifer Forest Soils Incubated under Standard Laboratory Conditions. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 34, 691-701.

[12]   Angus, J.F., Ohnishi, M., Horie, T. and Williams, R.L. (1994) A Preliminary Study to Predict Net Nitrogen Mineralisation in a Flooded Rice Soil using Anaerobic Incubation. Animal Production Science, 34, 995-999.

[13]   Narteh, L.T. and Sahrawat, K.L. (1997) Potentially Mineralizable Nitrogen in West African Lowland Rice Soils. Geoderma, 76, 145-154.

[14]   Li, Y., White, R., Chen, D., Zhang, J., Li, B., Zhang, Y., Huang, Y. and Edis, R. (2007) A Spatially Referenced Water and Nitrogen Management Model (WNMM) for (Irrigated) Intensive Cropping Systems in the North China Plain. Ecological Modelling, 203, 395-423.

[15]   Minasny, B. and Hartemink, A.E. (2011) Predicting Soil Properties in the Tropics. Earth-Science Reviews, 106, 52-62.

[16]   Soil Survey Staff (2010) Keys to Soil Taxonomy. 11th Edition, USDA, Washington DC.

[17]   Xiang, S.R., Doyle, A., Holden, P.A. and Schimel, J.P. (2008) Drying and Rewetting Effects on C and N Mineralization and Microbial Activity in Surface and Subsurface California Grassland Soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 40, 2281-2289.

[18]   Müller, T., Walter, B., Wirtz, A. and Burkovski, A. (2006) Ammonium Toxicity in Bacteria. Current Microbiology, 52, 400-406.

[19]   Bronson, K.F., Abao, J.E.B., Singh, B., Singh, Y., Singh, Y., Panuallah, G.M. and Regmi, A.P. (2001) Predicting Potential Anaerobic Nitrogen Mineralization of Rice-Rice and Rice-Wheat Soils of Asia. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 32, 2411-2424.

[20]   Inubushi, K., Wada, H. and Takai, Y. (1985) Easily Decomposable Organic Matter in Paddy Soil: VI. Kinetics of Nitrogen Mineralization in Submerged Soils. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 31, 563-572.

[21]   Haddad, S.A., Tabatabai, M.A. and Loynachan, T.E. (2013) Biochemical Processes Controlling Soil Nitrogen Mineralization under Waterlogged Conditions. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 77, 809-816.

[22]   Sahrawat, K.L. (1983) Mineralization of Soil Organic Nitrogen under Waterlogged Conditions in Relation to Other Properties of Tropical Rice Soils. Soil Research, 21, 133-138.

[23]   Benbi, D. and Richter, J. (2002) A Critical Review of Some Approaches to Modelling Nitrogen Mineralization. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35, 168-183.

[24]   Li, S.Q., Zhao, K. and Lu, H.L. (2013) Nitrogen Mineralization Characteristics of Disturbed and Undisturbed Soil Samples for Four Main Soil Types on the Loess Plateau. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44, 1659-1673.