JMMCE  Vol.6 No.1 , January 2018
Characterization of Natural Vuggy Fractured Porous Medium: Its Physicochemical Properties, Porosity and Permeability
ABSTRACT
The aim of this work was to obtain the physicochemical properties by SEM, XRD, FTIR analyses and the surface characteristics from carbonate outcrops cores such as pore diameter, surface area, porosity and permeability. The methods used to characterize them were Scanning Electron Microscopy, SEM; X Ray Diffraction, DRX; Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, FTIR. The porosity and permeability of natural vuggy fractured porous medium from core samples was determined obtained in the laboratory with conventional procedures. The cores have smooth and rough surfaces with porous with several sizes. Some crystals appear in preferential zones mainly composed by calcium, carbon and oxygen. Apparently into free spaces were found the organic materials, organic residues of crude oil. The cores have smooth and rough surfaces with porous with several sizes. Some crystals appear in preferential zones composed by calcium, carbon and oxygen. Apparently into free spaces were found the organic materials, organic residues of crude oil. The main inorganic compound in cores is calcite, (CaCO3). The porosity was for porous core 26% and for solid core 8.5%. The values obtained show that the cores have permeability where the fluid migrates through the particles at 2.23 × 10-4 cm/s.
Cite this paper
Romero-Guzmán, E.T., Reyes-Gutiérrez, L.R., Klapp, J. and Hernández-Mendoza, H. (2018) Characterization of Natural Vuggy Fractured Porous Medium: Its Physicochemical Properties, Porosity and Permeability. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 6, 38-49. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2018.61004.
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