Discovery of Dark Space

Author(s)
Alexander Alecsandrovich Antonov

ABSTRACT

It is currently a generally accepted opinion in astrophysics that the phenomenon of dark matter and dark energy can be explained only by existence of microcosm contents unknown to us. This assumption seems to be quite reasonable, since the Monoverse hypothesis following from the postulate about non-exceedance of the speed of light in the special theory of relativity, leaves no place for dark matter and dark energy in macrocosm. However, the assumption is erroneous, as dark matter and dark energy are actually invisible parallel universes in six-dimensional space, as shown in the article. Therefore, they can be detected only during research of macrocosm. Research of the phenomenon of dark matter and dark energy is presented in the article. Moreover, it is performed using previously unknown experiments that have allowed proof of general scientific principle of physical reality of concrete imaginary numbers. In the special theory of relativity, this principle has refuted the postulate of light speed non-exceedance. It has also allowed adjustment of relativistic formulas. It follows from the adjusted relativistic formulas that we live in a hidden Multiverse. The article explains the nature of mutual invisibility of parallel universes of the hidden Multiverse and proves verifiability of the hypothesis of the hidden Multiverse. The hypothesis has explained the nature of dark matter and dark energy as well as given an idea where antimatter is and why it does not annihilate with matter. It has also explained where tachyons are and why they do not violate the principle of causality. According to the hypothesis, the hidden Multiverse is connected to other Multiverses through portals, forming dark space. Multiverses of dark space together with the hidden Multiverse form a Hyperverse.

It is currently a generally accepted opinion in astrophysics that the phenomenon of dark matter and dark energy can be explained only by existence of microcosm contents unknown to us. This assumption seems to be quite reasonable, since the Monoverse hypothesis following from the postulate about non-exceedance of the speed of light in the special theory of relativity, leaves no place for dark matter and dark energy in macrocosm. However, the assumption is erroneous, as dark matter and dark energy are actually invisible parallel universes in six-dimensional space, as shown in the article. Therefore, they can be detected only during research of macrocosm. Research of the phenomenon of dark matter and dark energy is presented in the article. Moreover, it is performed using previously unknown experiments that have allowed proof of general scientific principle of physical reality of concrete imaginary numbers. In the special theory of relativity, this principle has refuted the postulate of light speed non-exceedance. It has also allowed adjustment of relativistic formulas. It follows from the adjusted relativistic formulas that we live in a hidden Multiverse. The article explains the nature of mutual invisibility of parallel universes of the hidden Multiverse and proves verifiability of the hypothesis of the hidden Multiverse. The hypothesis has explained the nature of dark matter and dark energy as well as given an idea where antimatter is and why it does not annihilate with matter. It has also explained where tachyons are and why they do not violate the principle of causality. According to the hypothesis, the hidden Multiverse is connected to other Multiverses through portals, forming dark space. Multiverses of dark space together with the hidden Multiverse form a Hyperverse.

Cite this paper

Antonov, A. (2018) Discovery of Dark Space.*Journal of Modern Physics*, **9**, 14-34. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2018.91002.

Antonov, A. (2018) Discovery of Dark Space.

References

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http://www.njd-iscience.com

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[15] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 2299-2313.

[16] Antonov, A.A. (2016) International Review of Physics, 10, 31-35.

[17] Antonov, A.A. and Bazhev, V.M. (1970) Means of Rising Deflecting Currents for Spiral Beam Sweep on the CRT Screen. USSR Patent No. 433650.

[18] Antonov, A.A. (2008) European Journal of Scientific Research, 21, 627-641.

[19] Antonov, A.A. (2009) European Journal of Scientific Research, 28, 193-204.

[20] Antonov, A.A. (2010) General Mathematics Notes, 1, 11-16.

[21] Antonov, A.A. (2010) International Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences and Technology, 1, 1-12.

[22] Antonov, A.A. (2010) American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1, 342-349.

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http://www.geman.in/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/4_GMN-10932-V35N2.31895146.pdf

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[43] Antonov, A.A. (2015) International Journal of Advanced Research in Physical Science, 2, 25-32.

[44] Antonov, А.А. (2012) American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 3, 464-473.

[45] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Philosophy and Cosmology, 6, 11-27.

http://ispcjournal.org/journals/2016-16/Antonov_16.pdf

[46] Chernobrov, V.A. (2000) Encyclopedia of Mysterious Places of the Earth. Veche, Moscow.

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[49] Antonov, A.A. (2015) International Journal of Physics, 3, 84-87.

[50] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Cosmology, 19, 40-61.

[51] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: A Physics and Space Science, 15, 33-38.

[52] Antonov, A.A. (2015) American Journal of Modern Physics, 4, 1-9.

[53] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Optics, 4, 43-47.

[54] Antonov, A.A. (2015) American Journal of Modern Physics, 4, 180-188.

[55] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Frontiers of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2, 1-9.

[56] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 1228-1246.

[57] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 1933-1943.

[58] Antonov, A.A. (2017) Applied Physics Research, 9, 30-41.

[59] Antonov, A.A. (2017) Journal of Modern Physics, 8, 567-582.

[60] Feinberg, G. (1967) Physical Review, 159, 1089-1105.

[61] Bilaniuk, O.-M.P. and Sudarshan, E.C.G. (1969) Physics Today, 22, 43-51.

[62] Recami, E., Fontana, F. and Garavaglia, R. (2000) International Journal of Modern Physics, A15, 2793-2812.

[63] Tanaka, S. (1960) Progress of Theoretical Physics (Kyoto), 24, 171-200.

[64] Terletskyi, Y.P. (1966) Paradoxes in the Theory of Relativity. Nauka, Moscow.

[65] Hill, J.M. and Cox, B.J. (2012) Proceeding of Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 468, 4174-4192.

[66] Dirac, P.A.M. (1933) Theory of Electrons and Positrons. Nobel Lecture.

[67] Alfvén, H. (1966) Worlds-Antiworlds: Antimatter in Cosmology. W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco.

[68] Foot, R. (2002) Shadowlands: Quest for Mirror Matter in the Universe. Universal Publishers, Parkland.

[69] Frazer, G. (2004) Antimatter: The Ultimate Mirror. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[70] Santilli, R.M. (2006) Isodual Theory of Antimatter: With Applications to Antigravity, Grand Unification and Cosmology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

[71] Alain, M. and Le Brun, V. (2012) Matter, Dark Matter, and Anti-Matter: In Search of the Hidden Universe. Springer-Verlag, NY.

[72] Antonov, A.A. (2016) PONTE, 72, 288-300.

[73] Kantor, I.L. and Solodovnikov, A.S. (1989) Hypercomplex Numbers. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

[74] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: A Physics and Space Science, 15, 8-15.

[75] Antonov, A.A. (2017) Natural Science, 9, 43-62.

[76] Deutch, D. (1998) The Fabric of Reality: The Science of Parallel Universes and Its Implications. Penguin Books, NY.

[77] Greene, B. (2005) The Fabric of the Cosmos: Space, Time, and the Texture of Reality. Penguin, London.

[78] Kaku, M. (2006) Parallel Worlds: A Journey through Creation, Higher Dimensions, and the Future of the Cosmos. Anchor, NY.

[79] Vilenkin, A. (2006) Many Worlds in One: The Search for Other Universes. Hill and Wong, NY.

[80] Carr, B., Ed. (2009) Universe or Multiverse? Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[81] Gribbin, J. (2010) In Search of the Multiverse: Parallel Worlds, Hidden Dimensions, and the Ultimate Quest for the Frontiers of Reality. Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken.

[82] Greene, B. (2011) The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos. Vintage, NY.

[83] Stephen Hawking, S. and Mlodinow, L. (2012) The Grand Design. Reprint Edition, Bantam.

[84] Tegmark, M. (2014) Our Mathematical Universe: My Quest for the Ultimate Nature of Reality. Vintage, NY.

[85] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: A Physics and Space Science, 16, 4-12.

[86] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Cosmology. Commentaries: Stephen Hawking’s Aliens. The Search for Intelligent Extraterrestrial Life. Project Breakthrough Listen.

[1] Ruiz-Lapuente, P., Ed. (2010) Dark Energy: Observational and Theoretical Approaches. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[2] Amendola, L. and Tsujikawa, S. (2010) Dark Energy: Theory and Observations. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[3] Bertone, G., Ed. (2013) Particle Dark Matter: Observations, Models and Searches. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[4] Sanders, R.H. (2014) The Dark Matter Problem: A Historical Perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[5] Oort, J.H. (1932) Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands, 6, 249-287.

[6] Zwicky, F. (1933) Helvetica Physica Acta, 6, 110-127.

[7] Perlmutter, S. (2012) Reviews of Modern Physics, 84, 1127-1149.

[8] Schmidt, B.P. (2012) Reviews of Modern Physics, 84, 1151-1163.

[9] Riess, A.G. (2012) Reviews of Modern Physics, 84, 1165-1175.

[10] Weisstein, E.W. (2005) The CRC Concise Encyclopaedia of Mathematics. 3rd Edition, CRS Press, Roca Raton.

[11] Antonov, A.A. (2017) Norwegian Journal of Development of the International Science, 6, 50-63.

http://www.njd-iscience.com

[12] Antonov, A.A. (2015) American Journal of Еelectrical and Electronics Engineering, 3, 124-129.

[13] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Global Journal of Physics, 2, 145-149.

[14] Antonov, A.A. (2016) PONTE, 72, 131-142.

[15] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 2299-2313.

[16] Antonov, A.A. (2016) International Review of Physics, 10, 31-35.

[17] Antonov, A.A. and Bazhev, V.M. (1970) Means of Rising Deflecting Currents for Spiral Beam Sweep on the CRT Screen. USSR Patent No. 433650.

[18] Antonov, A.A. (2008) European Journal of Scientific Research, 21, 627-641.

[19] Antonov, A.A. (2009) European Journal of Scientific Research, 28, 193-204.

[20] Antonov, A.A. (2010) General Mathematics Notes, 1, 11-16.

[21] Antonov, A.A. (2010) International Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences and Technology, 1, 1-12.

[22] Antonov, A.A. (2010) American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1, 342-349.

[23] Antonov, A.A. (2013) International Journal of Management, IT and Engineering, 3, 219-230.

[24] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Journal of Russian Physical and Chemical Society, 87, 328-355.

[25] Antonov, A.A. (2015) General Mathematics Notes, 31, 34-53.

http://www.emis.de/journals/GMN/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/4_GMN-9212-V31N2.1293701.pdf

[26] Antonov, A.A. (2016) General Mathematics Notes, 35, 40-63.

http://www.geman.in/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/4_GMN-10932-V35N2.31895146.pdf

[27] Steinmetz, C.P. (2010) Theory and Calculation of Electric Circuit. Nabu Press, Charlstone.

[28] Frova, A. and Marenzana, M. (2006) Thus Spoke Galileo: The Great Scientist’s Ideas and Their Relevance to the Present Day. Oxford University Press, NY.

[29] Einstein, A. (1920) Relativity: The Special and General Theory. H. Holt and Company, NY.

[30] Bohm, D. (2006) The Special Theory of Relativity. Routledge, Abingdon-on-Thames.

[31] Penrose, R. (2010) The Nature of Space and Time. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

[32] Larmor, J.J. (1897) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 190, 205-300.

[33] Lorentz, H.A. (1899) Proceeding of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science, 1, 427-442.

[34] Poincaré, H. (1905) Comptes Rendus, 140, 1504-508.

[35] Einstein, A. (1905) Annalen der Physik, 17, 891-921.

[36] Adam, T., Agafonova, N., Aleksandrov, A., et al. (2011) Measurement of the Neutrino Velocity with the OPERA Detector in the CNGS Beam.

arXiv:1109.4897v4 [hep-ex]

[37] Antonello, M., Baibussinov, B., Boffelli, F., et al. (2012) Precision Measurement of the Neutrino Velocity with the ICARUS Detector in the CNGS Beam.

arXiv:1208.2629 [hep-ex]

[38] Antonov, A.A. (2014) Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: A Physics & Space Science, 14, 51-59.

[39] Antonov, A.A. (2014) American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 5, 40-52.

[40] Antonov, A.A. (2011) British Journal of Science, 2, 51-60.

[41] Antonov, А.А. (2012) Encyclopedia of Russian Thought: Reports to Russian Physical Society, 16, 3-20.

[42] Antonov, A.A. (2012) International Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences and Tech-nology, 12, 43-56.

[43] Antonov, A.A. (2015) International Journal of Advanced Research in Physical Science, 2, 25-32.

[44] Antonov, А.А. (2012) American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 3, 464-473.

[45] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Philosophy and Cosmology, 6, 11-27.

http://ispcjournal.org/journals/2016-16/Antonov_16.pdf

[46] Chernobrov, V.A. (2000) Encyclopedia of Mysterious Places of the Earth. Veche, Moscow.

[47] Hinshaw, G., Larson, D., Komatsu, E., et al. (2013) Nine Year Wilkinson Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Cosmological Parameter Results. arXiv: 1213.5226 [astro-ph/CO]

[48] Adam, R., Ade, P.A.R., Aghanim, N., et al. (2015) Plank 2015 Results. 1. Overview of Products and Scientific Results. arXiv:1502.01582v2 [astro-ph.CO]

[49] Antonov, A.A. (2015) International Journal of Physics, 3, 84-87.

[50] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Cosmology, 19, 40-61.

[51] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: A Physics and Space Science, 15, 33-38.

[52] Antonov, A.A. (2015) American Journal of Modern Physics, 4, 1-9.

[53] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Optics, 4, 43-47.

[54] Antonov, A.A. (2015) American Journal of Modern Physics, 4, 180-188.

[55] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Frontiers of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2, 1-9.

[56] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 1228-1246.

[57] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 1933-1943.

[58] Antonov, A.A. (2017) Applied Physics Research, 9, 30-41.

[59] Antonov, A.A. (2017) Journal of Modern Physics, 8, 567-582.

[60] Feinberg, G. (1967) Physical Review, 159, 1089-1105.

[61] Bilaniuk, O.-M.P. and Sudarshan, E.C.G. (1969) Physics Today, 22, 43-51.

[62] Recami, E., Fontana, F. and Garavaglia, R. (2000) International Journal of Modern Physics, A15, 2793-2812.

[63] Tanaka, S. (1960) Progress of Theoretical Physics (Kyoto), 24, 171-200.

[64] Terletskyi, Y.P. (1966) Paradoxes in the Theory of Relativity. Nauka, Moscow.

[65] Hill, J.M. and Cox, B.J. (2012) Proceeding of Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 468, 4174-4192.

[66] Dirac, P.A.M. (1933) Theory of Electrons and Positrons. Nobel Lecture.

[67] Alfvén, H. (1966) Worlds-Antiworlds: Antimatter in Cosmology. W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco.

[68] Foot, R. (2002) Shadowlands: Quest for Mirror Matter in the Universe. Universal Publishers, Parkland.

[69] Frazer, G. (2004) Antimatter: The Ultimate Mirror. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[70] Santilli, R.M. (2006) Isodual Theory of Antimatter: With Applications to Antigravity, Grand Unification and Cosmology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

[71] Alain, M. and Le Brun, V. (2012) Matter, Dark Matter, and Anti-Matter: In Search of the Hidden Universe. Springer-Verlag, NY.

[72] Antonov, A.A. (2016) PONTE, 72, 288-300.

[73] Kantor, I.L. and Solodovnikov, A.S. (1989) Hypercomplex Numbers. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

[74] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: A Physics and Space Science, 15, 8-15.

[75] Antonov, A.A. (2017) Natural Science, 9, 43-62.

[76] Deutch, D. (1998) The Fabric of Reality: The Science of Parallel Universes and Its Implications. Penguin Books, NY.

[77] Greene, B. (2005) The Fabric of the Cosmos: Space, Time, and the Texture of Reality. Penguin, London.

[78] Kaku, M. (2006) Parallel Worlds: A Journey through Creation, Higher Dimensions, and the Future of the Cosmos. Anchor, NY.

[79] Vilenkin, A. (2006) Many Worlds in One: The Search for Other Universes. Hill and Wong, NY.

[80] Carr, B., Ed. (2009) Universe or Multiverse? Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[81] Gribbin, J. (2010) In Search of the Multiverse: Parallel Worlds, Hidden Dimensions, and the Ultimate Quest for the Frontiers of Reality. Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken.

[82] Greene, B. (2011) The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos. Vintage, NY.

[83] Stephen Hawking, S. and Mlodinow, L. (2012) The Grand Design. Reprint Edition, Bantam.

[84] Tegmark, M. (2014) Our Mathematical Universe: My Quest for the Ultimate Nature of Reality. Vintage, NY.

[85] Antonov, A.A. (2016) Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: A Physics and Space Science, 16, 4-12.

[86] Antonov, A.A. (2015) Cosmology. Commentaries: Stephen Hawking’s Aliens. The Search for Intelligent Extraterrestrial Life. Project Breakthrough Listen.