JEP  Vol.8 No.10 , September 2017
Effects of Post Eviction Resettlement on Land-Use and Cover Change in Uganda’s Oil Exploration Areas
ABSTRACT
Evaluation of the changes in land use and land cover change (LULCC) in respect to oil exploration across the Albertine region in Uganda has been focused around the exploration areas and protected areas, with no attention to the potential impacts of evictees’ activities on resettled areas. This study used LANDSAT images to analyze the land use and land cover changes (LULCC) among the period before eviction (2002 and 2005) at the climax of eviction and resettlements (2005-2011), and during the post-resettlement period (2011-2015) to quantify the impacts of resettlements on the environment. LANDSAT images were processed using ERDAS IMAGINE software and analyzed using ArcGIS 10.1 to determine LULCC in relation to post-eviction resettlement in the study area. Results from the study indicate. The results of the study indicate that vegetation reduced by 33.08 percent, woodland were converted into settlements by 48 percent while farmlands increased by 18.3 percent. Non vegetated areas increased during resettlements however they reduced five years after eviction which indicated the ability of the ecosystem to stabilize. The study proved that post eviction induced resettlements can yield potential environmental effects to resettled areas. It is important therefore to plan and implement other means of additional source of income and construction materials for evictees to abate vegetation clearance and hence rescue the woodland. The study also recommends maintenance of an optimum population and well-planned pre eviction resettlement schemes.
Cite this paper
Ssekandi, J. , Mburu, J. , Wasonga, O. , Macopiyo, L. , Charles, F. (2017) Effects of Post Eviction Resettlement on Land-Use and Cover Change in Uganda’s Oil Exploration Areas. Journal of Environmental Protection, 8, 1144-1157. doi: 10.4236/jep.2017.810072.
References
[1]   Mwavu, E. and Witkowski, E. (2008) Land-Use and Cover Changes (1988-2002) around Budongo Forest Reserve, NW Uganda: Implications for Forest and Woodland Sustainability. Land Degradation & Development, 19, 606-622.

[2]   Owiunji, I. and Plumptre, A.J. (1998) Bird Communities in Logged and Unlogged Compartments in Budongo Forest, Uganda. Forest Ecology and Management, 108, 115-126.

[3]   Plumptre, A.J., et al. (2007) The Biodiversity of the Albertine Rift. Biological Conservation, 134, 178-194.

[4]   Nakakaawa, C., et al. (2015) Collaborative Resource Management and Rural Livelihoods around Protected Areas: A Case Study of Mount Elgon National Park, Uganda. Forest Policy and Economics, 57, 1-11.

[5]   Sekercioglu, C.H. (2002) Effects of Forestry Practices on Vegetation Structure and Bird Community of Kibale National Park, Uganda. Biological Conservation, 107, 229-240.

[6]   Jagger, P. (2014) Confusion vs. Clarity: Property Rights and Forest Use in Uganda. Forest Policy and Economics, 45, 32-41.

[7]   Estoque, R.C. and Murayama, Y. (2011) Spatio-Temporal Urban Land Use/Cover Change Analysis in a Hill Station: The Case of Baguio City, Philippines. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 21, 326-335.

[8]   Poyatos, R., et al. (2003) Land Use and Land Cover Change after Agricultural Abandonment: The Case of a Mediterranean Mountain Area (Catalan Pre-Pyrenees). Mountain Research and Development, 23, 362-368.
https://doi.org/10.1659/0276-4741(2003)023[0362:LUALCC]2.0.CO;2

[9]   Egeru, A., et al. (2014) Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Forage and Land Cover Changes in Karamoja Sub-Region, Uganda. Pastoralism, 4, 6.
https://doi.org/10.1186/2041-7136-4-6

[10]   Munga, S., et al. (2009) Land Use and Land Cover Changes and Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Anopheline Larval Habitats during a Four-Year Period in a Highland Community of Africa. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 81, 1079-1084.
https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0156

[11]   Lufafa, A., et al. (2003) Prediction of Soil Erosion in a Lake Victoria Basin Catchment using a GIS-Based Universal Soil Loss Model. Agricultural Systems, 76, 883-894.

[12]   Broothaerts, N., et al. (2012) Spatial Patterns, Causes and Consequences of Landslides in the Gilgel Gibe Catchment, SW Ethiopia. Catena, 97, 127-136.

[13]   Jolly, D., et al. (1997) Vegetation Dynamics in Central Africa since 18,000 yr BP: Pollen Records from the Interlacustrine Highlands of Burundi, Rwanda and Western Uganda. Journal of Biogeography, 24, 492-512.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.1997.00182.x

[14]   Claessens, L., et al. (2007) Modelling Landslide Hazard, Soil Redistribution and Sediment Yield of Landslides on the Ugandan Footslopes of Mount Elgon. Geomorphology, 90, 23-35.

[15]   Eilu, G., et al. (2004) Density and Species Diversity of Trees in Four Tropical Forests of the Albertine Rift, Western Uganda. Diversity and Distributions, 10, 303-312.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00089.x

[16]   Joireman, S.F., et al. (2012) A Different Way Home: Resettlement Patterns in Northern Uganda. Political Geography, 31, 197-204.

[17]   Twongyirwe, R., et al. (2015) Three Decades of Forest Cover Change in Uganda’s Northern Albertine Rift Landscape. Land Use Policy, 49, 236-251.

[18]   Bauer, F.U., et al. (2013) Tracing the Exhumation History of the Rwenzori Mountains, Albertine Rift, Uganda, using Low-Temperature Thermochronology. Tectonophysics, 599, 8-28.

[19]   Jacob, A.L., et al. (2014) Topographic and Spectral Data Resolve Land Cover Misclassification to Distinguish and Monitor Wetlands in Western Uganda. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 94, 114-126.

 
 
Top