Massive Galaxies and Central Black Holes at z = 6 to z = 8

Author(s)
T. R. Mongan

ABSTRACT

In a closed vacuum-dominated universe, the holographic principle implies that only a finite amount of information will ever be available to describe the distribution of matter in the sea of cosmic microwave background radiation. When z = 6 to z = 8, if information describing the distribution of matter in large scale structures is uniformly distributed in structures ranging in mass from that of the largest stars to the Jeans’ mass, a holographic model for large scale structure in a closed universe can account for massive galaxies and central black holes observed at z = 6 to z = 8. In sharp contrast, the usual approach assuming only collapse of primordial overdensities into large scale structures has difficulty producing massive galaxies and central black holes at z = 6 to z = 8.

In a closed vacuum-dominated universe, the holographic principle implies that only a finite amount of information will ever be available to describe the distribution of matter in the sea of cosmic microwave background radiation. When z = 6 to z = 8, if information describing the distribution of matter in large scale structures is uniformly distributed in structures ranging in mass from that of the largest stars to the Jeans’ mass, a holographic model for large scale structure in a closed universe can account for massive galaxies and central black holes observed at z = 6 to z = 8. In sharp contrast, the usual approach assuming only collapse of primordial overdensities into large scale structures has difficulty producing massive galaxies and central black holes at z = 6 to z = 8.

Cite this paper

Mongan, T. (2015) Massive Galaxies and Central Black Holes at z = 6 to z = 8.*Journal of Modern Physics*, **6**, 1987-1990. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2015.614204.

Mongan, T. (2015) Massive Galaxies and Central Black Holes at z = 6 to z = 8.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10714-005-0189-6

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/510898

[5] Bousso, R. (2002) Reviews of Modern Physics, 74, 825.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.74.825

[6] Misner, C., Thorne, K. and Wheeler, J. (1973) Gravitation. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.

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[8] Longair, S. (1998) Galaxy Formation. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03571-9

[9] Crowther, P. (2010) The R136 Star Cluster Hosts Several Stars Whose Individual Masses Greatly Exceed the Accepted 150 Msun Stellar Mass Limit. arXiv:1007.3284.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1888/0333750888/1882

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1465

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa4506