Some Ideas about the Thermal Equilibrium in the Biosphere and the Entropy Variation Ascribed to Changes in the Radiations Wavelengths

Author(s)
Jaime González Velasco

ABSTRACT

An explanation is given for the thermal equilibrium in the biosphere, which is based in the equality between the thermal energy received from the sun and the thermal energy reemitted from the atmosphere to the space. In order to understand the origin of the energy that gives rise to the processes and phenomena taking place in the biosphere, it is necessary to take into account the free energy represented by the product of temperature times the change in entropy, T△S, whose magnitude can be attributed to the variation experimented by the wavelengths (or, consequently, the frequencies) of the radiations composing the radiation spectrum received from the sun compared with the radiation spectrum reemitted from the biosphere into the space. A simple discussion allows to predict that the entropy increase driving the processes is connected with a spontaneous conversion of high frequency radiations (with lower “content” of entropy) in radiations of lower frequencies (with higher “content” of entropy). A consequence of this is that high frequency radiations would correspond to more ordered states and, therefore, to less probable states than those corresponding to radiations of lower frequencies.

An explanation is given for the thermal equilibrium in the biosphere, which is based in the equality between the thermal energy received from the sun and the thermal energy reemitted from the atmosphere to the space. In order to understand the origin of the energy that gives rise to the processes and phenomena taking place in the biosphere, it is necessary to take into account the free energy represented by the product of temperature times the change in entropy, T△S, whose magnitude can be attributed to the variation experimented by the wavelengths (or, consequently, the frequencies) of the radiations composing the radiation spectrum received from the sun compared with the radiation spectrum reemitted from the biosphere into the space. A simple discussion allows to predict that the entropy increase driving the processes is connected with a spontaneous conversion of high frequency radiations (with lower “content” of entropy) in radiations of lower frequencies (with higher “content” of entropy). A consequence of this is that high frequency radiations would correspond to more ordered states and, therefore, to less probable states than those corresponding to radiations of lower frequencies.

Cite this paper

Velasco, J. (2015) Some Ideas about the Thermal Equilibrium in the Biosphere and the Entropy Variation Ascribed to Changes in the Radiations Wavelengths.*Open Journal of Physical Chemistry*, **5**, 106-109. doi: 10.4236/ojpc.2015.54011.

Velasco, J. (2015) Some Ideas about the Thermal Equilibrium in the Biosphere and the Entropy Variation Ascribed to Changes in the Radiations Wavelengths.

References

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[2] Sears, F.W. (1952) An Introduction to Thermodynamics, the Kinetic Theory of Gases, and Statistical Mechanics. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Massachusetts.

[3] Castellan, G.W. (1971) Physical Chemistry. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading.

[4] González Velasco, J. (2009) Energías Renovables. Ed. Reverté, Barcelona.

[5] Weinberg, S. (1980) The First Three Minutes. A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe. Bentam Books, New York.

[1] Twidell, J. and Weir, T. (2006) Renewable Energy Resources. 2nd Edition, Taylor and Francis, London, New York.

[2] Sears, F.W. (1952) An Introduction to Thermodynamics, the Kinetic Theory of Gases, and Statistical Mechanics. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Massachusetts.

[3] Castellan, G.W. (1971) Physical Chemistry. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading.

[4] González Velasco, J. (2009) Energías Renovables. Ed. Reverté, Barcelona.

[5] Weinberg, S. (1980) The First Three Minutes. A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe. Bentam Books, New York.