OJOG  Vol.1 No.2 , June 2011
The effect of introduction of misoprostol for induction of labour on pregnancy in gravidas with pre-eclampsia
ABSTRACT
Misoprostol has revolutionized labour induction since the early 1990’s, because it is inexpensive and very effective. Eclampsia is common unless the pregnancy can be terminated by induction or by caesarean section. This study was done to determine the impact of Misoprostol used for induction of labour, on the outcome in patients with pre-eclampsia (PE) at the University of the West Indies Kingston Jamaica. This was a retrospective analysis of pre-eclamptic women who were managed before and after the introduction of misoprostol into routine usage for induction of labour. We compared 793 women (controls) in the pre misoprostol era (1986-1991) with 709 in the misoprostol era (1993-1998). Outcome variables were the frequency of mild and severe PE, eclampsia, misoprostol and syntocinon inductions, foetal complications and use of caesarean section (CS). Analysis of frequency of eclampsia, neonatal admissions and CS, during the misoprostol years, was also done to eliminate other confounding variables because of the influence of each era. Logistic regression was used to determine the impact of all variables. In comparison to controls, patients induced in the misoprostol years had a greater incidence of severe PE (p < 0.05), neonatal admissions (p = 0.007), foetal distress (p < 0.05); a higher CS rate (p < 0.05); but fewer oxytocin inductions (p < 0.05). However, sub group analysis of the misoprostol years alone, showed a reduction in the incidence of CS, eclampsia, and neonatal admissions in women who were induced with misoprostol (p < 0.05). Logistic regression revealed a lower odds of CS delivery (OR 0.867, 95% confidence interval .02, .37) using misoprostol. These findings suggest that in patients with PE, induction of labor with Misoprostol had a beneficial effect on pregnancy outcome with a decreased incidence of CS, eclampsia and neonatal admissions, but it has not had a significant impact on the main problems in these patients between the two eras as other factors may be important in the management of these patients independent of misoprostol induction.
Cite this paper
nullFletcher, H. , Reid, M. and Johnson, N. (2011) The effect of introduction of misoprostol for induction of labour on pregnancy in gravidas with pre-eclampsia. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1, 64-69. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2011.12013.
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