ABSTRACT In paper the role of excess pressures in cata- genic processes of the South-Caspian basin (SCB) is considered. The results of the carried out researches taking into account world ex- perience on the given problem allow to con- clude, that SCB (mainly its deep-water part), as well as a number of other basins of the world with overpressures, is characterized by retarda- tion of processes cracking of kerogen and oil, and also reaction of transformation of clay minerals. Periodic intensification of these pro- cesses can provoke development of diapirs and mud volcanoes, which are the centers of pulse unloading of a hydrocarbon products from sys- tem. The conclusion about high prospects of revealing of hydrocarbon accumulations in deep buried deposits in overpressured basins is made.
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