IJG  Vol.4 No.10 , December 2013
Landslide Hazard Zonation in NH-1A in Kashmir Himalaya, India

The paper presents a methodology for landslide hazard zonation mapping using GIS and remote sensing data. The study has been carried out along NH-1A-Udhampur to Banihal in Kashmir Himalaya as this terrain is prone to the landslide hazards. The present study has been made to derive and identify the important terrain factors contributing to landslide occurrences in the region and corresponding thematic data layers are generated in GIS domain. These terrain data are collected from the topographic maps, satellite imageries, field visits and available published maps. A GIS database is prepared by digitizing these maps along with tabular data and their corresponding weightage is assigned using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) based criteria ranking method for determining the standardized scores of criteria expressing their factor of importance for a given decision problem in terms of thematic parameters, categories and their normalized weights. Statistically integrating weightages from these thematic maps, a specific landslide hazard map was developed on a GIS platform. The resulting landslide hazard zonation map delineates the area into different zones of six classes of landslide hazard zones i.e., severe, very high, high, moderate, low and very low.

Cite this paper
R. Chingkhei, A. Shiroyleima, L. Singh and A. Kumar, "Landslide Hazard Zonation in NH-1A in Kashmir Himalaya, India," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1501-1508. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2013.410147.
[1]   R. Anabalagan, “Landslide Hazard Evaluation and Zonation Mapping in Mountainous Terrain,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1992, pp. 269-277.

[2]   D. J. Varnes, “Landslide Hazard Zonation: A Review of Principles and Practice,” Natural Hazards 3, Commission on Landslides of the IAEG, UNESCO, Paris, 1984, 63p.

[3]   J. N. Hutchinson, “Keynote Paper: Landslide Hazard Assessment,” In: Bell, Ed., Landslides, Balkema, Rotterdam, 1995, pp. 1805-1841.

[4]   R. P. Gupta and B. C. Joshi, “Landslide Hazard Zoning Using the GIS Approach—A Case Study from Ramganga Catchment Himalayan,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 28, No. 1-2, 1990, pp. 119-131.

[5]   A. Carrara, M. Cardinali, F. Detti, F. Guzzetti, V. Pasqui and P. Reichenbach, “GIS Techniques and Statistical Models in Evaluating Landslide Hazard,” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 16, No. 5, 1991, pp. 427-445.

[6]   C. J. van Westen, “GIS in Landslide Hazard Zonation: A Review, with Examples from the Andes of Colombia,” In: M. F. Price and D. I. Heywood, Eds., Mountain Environments and Geographical Information Systems, Taylor & Francis Publishers, London, 1994. pp. 135-165.

[7]   C. F. Chung, A. G. Fabbri and C. J. van Westen, “Multivariate Regression Analysis for Landslide Hazard Zonation,” In: A. Carrara, and F. Guzzetti, Eds., Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995, pp. 107-134.

[8]   R. Nagarajan, A. Mukherjee, A. Roy and M. V. Khire, “Temporal Remote Sensing Data and GIS Application in Landslide Hazard Zonation of Part of Western Ghat, India,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 19, No. 4, 1998, pp. 573-585.

[9]   A. S. Dhakal, T. Amada and M. Aniya, “Landslide Hazard Mapping and Its Evaluation Using GIS: An Investigation of Sampling Schemes for a Grid-Cell Based Quantitative Method,” Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 66, No. 8, 2000, pp. 981-989.

[10]   A. K. Saha, R. P. Gupta and M. K. Arora, “GIS-Based Landslide Hazard Zonation in the Bhagirathi (Ganga) Valley, Himalayas,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2002, pp. 357-369.

[11]   S. Sarkar and D.P. Kanungo, “An Integrated Approach for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping Using Remote Sensing and GIS,” Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 70, No. 5, 2004, pp. 617-625.

[12]   D. P. Kanungo, M. K. Arora, S. Sarkar and R. P. Gupta, “Comparative Study of Conventional, ANN Black Box, Fuzzy and Combined Neural and Fuzzy Weighting Procedures for Landslide Susceptibility Zonation in Darjeeling Himalayas,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 85, 2006, pp. 347-366.

[13]   J. Mathew, V. K. Jha and G. S. Rawat, “Weights of Evidence Modelling for Landslide Hazard Zonation Mapping in Part of Bhagirathi Valley,” Uttarakhand Current Science, Vol. 92, No. 5, 2007, pp. 628-638.

[14]   R. P. Gupta, A. K. Saha, M. K. Arora and A. Kumar, “Landslide Hazard Zonation in a Part of Bhagirathi Valley, Garhwal Himalayas, Using Integrated Remote Sensing—GIS,” Journal of Himalayan Geology, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1999, pp. 71-85.

[15]   M. J. Crozier, “Landslides: Causes, Consequences and Environment,” Croom Helm Australia Pty. Ltd., London, 1986, 252 p.

[16]   V. C. Thakur and B. S. Rawat, “Geological Map of the Western Himalaya,” Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun, 1992.