AiM  Vol.3 No.6 , October 2013
Incidence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Burn Patients Admitted to Burn Unit, Dhaka Medical
ABSTRACT
Staphylococcus aureus infection remains an increasing problem for higher morbidity and mortality in burn patients. We sought to determine the frequency of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in burn wound patients and study their drug resistance genes. Samples were collected (August 2010 to October 2011) from burn unit of Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH), Bangladesh. MRSA was identified by conventional culture based methods. S. aureus was confirmed in 44.44% burn wound samples and 22.5% of the isolates were oxacillin resistant. All the S. aureus isolates were resistant to commonly used drugs like amoxicillin, azactam, erythromycin, azithromycin etc. and were sensitive to imipenem. The isolates were devoid of plasmid and the gene mecA, femA and IS431 were detected in their chromosomal DNA. Computational analysis of mecA gene sequence showed homology to S. aureus “penicillin binding protein 2a” (PBP-2a). The higher association of MRSA is in burn unit of DMCH, Bangladesh is alarming and with inappropriate antibiotic use, and the situation gets even complicated to treat. Therefore, the detection system and control practices for MRSA in DMCH should be improved in the hospital settings.

 


Cite this paper
M. Islam, M. Ahmed and S. Rahman, "Incidence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Burn Patients Admitted to Burn Unit, Dhaka Medical," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 3 No. 6, 2013, pp. 498-503. doi: 10.4236/aim.2013.36066.
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