OJMH  Vol.3 No.3 , July 2013
Climate Change Impact on Sub-Surface Hydrology of Kaduna River Catchment
ABSTRACT
This paper applied the use of a stochastic weather generator at the site of a hydrological model to simulate the impact of climate change on the sub-surface hydrological response of Kaduna River as a basis for a sustainable ground water development plan. Average time series of rainfall, temperature and gauge height observed readings were downscaled to the watershed flow volume and applied as forcing to simulate the ground water response as spatially lumped, ignoring the heterogeneous nature of the ground water aquifer. Future simulations indicate increase in base flow, ground storage and decrease soil storage throughout the summer and autumn months for the catchment.


Cite this paper
H. Garba, A. Ismail, R. Batagarawa, S. Ahmed, A. Ibrahim and F. Bayang, "Climate Change Impact on Sub-Surface Hydrology of Kaduna River Catchment," Open Journal of Modern Hydrology, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 115-121. doi: 10.4236/ojmh.2013.33015.
References
[1]   T. A. Hassan, “Climate Change and Rise in Sea Level,” Daily Trust Nigerian Newspaper, 2011.

[2]   M. J. Booij, “Impact of Climate Change on River Flooding Assessed with Different Spatial Model Resolutions,” Journal of hydrology, Vol. 303, No. 1-4, 2005, pp. 176- 198. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2004.07.013

[3]   P. Jacobs, G. Blom and G. Linden, “Climatologically Changes in Storm Surges and River Discharges,” Proceedings of the ECLAT-2, KNNI Workshop Climate Research Unit, Norwich, 2000, pp. 35-48.

[4]   IPCC, “Climate Change: The Physical Sciences Basics,” 4th Assessment Report, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group 1, Geneve, 2007.

[5]   C. P. Kumar, “Estimation of Ground Water Recharge Balance Using Soil Moisture Balance Approach,” Scientist E1 National Institute of Hydrology, 1993.

[6]   M. Conor and R. Charlton, “Climate Change Impact on Catchments Hydrology and Water Resources Foe Selected Catchments in Ireland,” National Hydrology Seminar, 2006.

[7]   B. C. Bates, S. P. Charles, N. R. Summer and P. M. Fleming, “Simulation of Daily Climate Series for the Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Water Resources,” In: C. Y. Kuo, Ed., Engineering Hydrology, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, pp. 67-72.

[8]   Climate Change and Drylands, “International Institute for Environment,” 2008. www.ccdcommission.org

[9]   S. P. Charles, P. M. Fleming and B. C. Bates, “Problems of Simulation of Daily Precipitation and Other Imput Time Series for Hydrological Climate Change Models,” Proceedings of Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, 1993, pp. 469-477.

[10]   J. Dams, E. Salvadore, T. Van Daele, V. Ntegeka, P. Willems and O. Batelaan, “Spartio-Temporal Impact of Climate Change on Ground Water System,” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 8, 2011, pp. 10195-10223. doi:10.5194/hessd-8-10195-2011

[11]   I. G. Pelchlivandis, B. M. Jackson, N. R. Mcintyre and N. S. Wheater, “Catchment Scale Hydrological Modeling: A Review of Model Types, Calibration Approaches and Uncertainty Analysis Method in the Context of Recent Development in Technology and Applications,” Global NEST Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2001, pp. 193-214.

[12]   W. Buyleat, R. Celleri and L. Timbe, “Predicting Climate Change Impact on Water Resources in Tropical Andes, the Effect of GCM Uncertainty,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Article ID: L07406.

[13]   S. Haseman, H. Goltel, D. Jacob, P. Lorenx and E. Roeckner, “Improved Regional Scale Processes Reflected in Projected Hydrological Scale over Large European Catchments,” Climate Dynamics, Vol. 32, No. 6, 2009, pp. 767-781.

[14]   J. Alcamo and T. Henrics, “Critical Regions: A Model Based Estimation of World Water Resources Sensitive to Global Changes,” Aq. Science, Vol. 64, 2002, pp. 252-263.

[15]   B. Nijssen, G. M. O’Donnel and D. P. Lettemaier, “Predicting the Discharge of Global Rivers,” Global NEST Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2011, pp. 193-214.

[16]   P. H. Gleik, “Methods for Evaluating Regional Hydrological Impact of Global Climate Changes,” Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 88, No. 1-2, 1986, pp. 97-116.

[17]   C.-Y. Xu, “Climate Change and Hydrological Models: A Review of Existing Gaps and Recent Research Developments,” Water Resources Management, Vol. 13, No. 5, 1999, pp. 369-382. doi:10.1023/A:1008190900459

[18]   H. A. Loaiciga, J. B. Valdes, R. Vogel, J. Garvey and H. Schwarz, “Global Warming and the Hydrological Cycle,” Water Encyclopedia, 1996.

[19]   EGU, “Hydrognomon,” Vienna, 2010. http://www.hydrognomon.org

[20]   K. D. W. Nandala, “Engineering Hydrology Lecture Notes,” Department of Civil Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, 2010.

 
 
Top