NS  Vol.5 No.2 A , February 2013
The influence of old leather tannery district on chromium contamination of soils, water and plants
ABSTRACT

The paper demonstrates the actual level of chromium contamination at the site of the old tannery waste lagoon in Serniki community (SE Poland). Despite the fact that since 1994 this area is not exploited, the chromium presence is still detected in soil, water and plants. The current study is the 4th phase (after 1989, 2001 and 2004) of checking and controlling the chromium concentration in this territory. The chromium content was assessed after soil and plant mineralization using FAAS method. Total chromium concentrations in soil samples reached values of 2.25 - 18.25 mg·kg-1 dry mass. Levels of chromium in water samples ranged between 0.008 and 0.017 mg·dm-3 for Wieprz River and the trough, situated in the tannery centre, respectively. Absorption of chromium by plants depended from the plant species. The highest Cr content in the stalks of Oenothera biennis, whilst the lowest in Phragmites australis were detected. Finally, it was assumed that soil chromium content noted in 2009 was by 42% - 83% lower in relation to the data from 2004. Consequently, nowadays the tannery waste lagoon site is not so threat to the health of local residents and to the surrounding ecosystem.


Cite this paper
Wolińska, A. , Stępniewska, Z. and Włosek, R. (2013) The influence of old leather tannery district on chromium contamination of soils, water and plants. Natural Science, 5, 253-258. doi: 10.4236/ns.2013.52A037.
References
[1]   St?pniewska, Z., Bucior, K. and De Boodt, M. (2001) Chromium and its forms in soils in the proximity of the old tannery waste lagoon. International Agrophysics, 15, 121-124.

[2]   St?pniewska, Z., Wolińska, A. and Ziomek, J. (2009) Response of soil catalase activity on chromium contamination. Journal of Environmental Science, 21, 1142-1147. doi:10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62394-3

[3]   Santos, E.C., Silva, I.S., Simoes, T.H.N., Simoni, K.C.M., Oliveira, V.M., Grossman, M.J. and Durrant L.R. (2012) Correlation of soil microbial community responses to contamination with crude oil with and without chromium and copper. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 70, 104-110. doi:10.1016/j.ibiod.2012.01.010

[4]   St?pniewska, Z., Bucior, K. and Bennicelli, R.P. (2004) The effects of MnO2 on sorption and oxidation of Cr (III) by soils. Geoderma, 122, 291-296. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.015

[5]   Apte, A.D., Verma, S., Tare, V. and Bose, P. (2005) Oxidation of Cr (III) in tannery sludge to Cr (VI): Field observations and theoretical assessment. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 121, 215-222. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.02.010

[6]   St?pniewska, Z., Wolińska, A. and Pióro, W. (2007) Chromium migration in the vicinity of a tannery waste lagoon. Polish Journal of Soil Science, XL/2, 139-145.

[7]   Cervantes, C., Campos-Garcia, J., Devars, S., GuatierrezCorrora, F., Loza-Tavera, M., Torres-Guzman, J.C. and Moreno-Sanchez, R. (2001) Interactions of chromium with microorganisms and plants. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 25, 335-347. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2001.tb00581.x

[8]   Polti, M.A., Atjian, M.C., Amoroso, M.J. and Abate, C.M. (2011) Soil chromium bioremediation: Synergic activity of Actinobacteria and plants. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 65, 1175-1181. doi:10.1016/j.ibiod.2011.09.008

[9]   St?pniewska, Z. and Wolińska, A. (2005) Soil dehydrogenase activity in the presence of chromium (III) and chromium (VI). International Agrophysics, 19, 79-83.

[10]   Bini, C., Maleci, L. and Romanin, A. (2008) The chromium issue in soils of the leather tannery district in Italy. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 96, 194-202. doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2007.03.008

[11]   Gondek, K., Filipek-Mazur, B. and Koncewicz-Baran, M. (2010) Content of heavy metals in maize cultivated in soil amended with sewage sludge and its mixtures with peat. International Agrophysics, 24, 35-42.

[12]   Chin, P.K.F. (1994) Fate and transport of chromium through soil in migration and fate pollutants in soils and subsoils. Institute of Water Research, 96, 61-626.

[13]   James, B.R., Petura, J.C., Vitale, R.J. and Mussoline, G.R. (1997) Oxidation-reduction chemistry of chromium: Relevance to the reagulation and remediation of chromate-contaminated soils. Journal of Soil Contamination, 6, 569-580. doi:10.1080/15320389709383590

[14]   Massacheleyn, P.H., Pardue, J.H., De Laune, R.D. and Patrick, W.H. (1992) Chromium redox chemistry in a lower Mississipi Valley bottomland hardwood wetland. Environmental Science and Technology, 26, 1217-1226. doi:10.1021/es50002a611

[15]   Mangabeira, P.A.O. (2004) Accumulation of chromium in root tissues of Eichhornia crassipes. Appied Surface Science, 231, 497-501. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.03.195

[16]   Mishra, S., Singh, V., Srivastava, S., Srivastava, R., Srivastava, M.M., Dass, S., Satsangi, G.P. and Prakash, S. (1995) Studies on uptake of trivalent and hexavalent chromium by maize (Zea mays). Food and Chemical Toxicoogy, 33, 393-397. doi:10.1016/0278-6915(95)00004-L

[17]   St?pniewska, Z. and Bucior, K. (2001) Chromium contamination of soils, waters, and plants in the vicinity of a tannery waste lagoon. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 23, 241-245. doi:10.1023/A:1012247230682

[18]   Bouda, S. and Issac, K.P. (1986) Influence of soil redox conditions on oxidation of biotite. Clay Minerals, 21, 149- 157. doi:10.1180/claymin.1986.021.2.04

[19]   Gliński, J., St?pniewski, W., St?pniewska, Z., W?odarczyk, T. and Brzezińska, M. (2000) Characteristic of aeration properties of selected soil profiles from central Europe. International Agrophysics, 14, 17-31.

[20]   Isikli, B., Demir, T.A., Urer, S.M., Berber, A., Akar, T. and Kalyoncu, C. (2003) Effect of chromium exposure from a cement factory. Environmental Research, 91, 113- 118. doi:10.1016/S0013-9351(02)00020-8

[21]   World Health Organisation (1988) Chromium environmental health criteria. Geneva.

[22]   Barcelo, J. and Poschenrieder, C. (1997) Chromium in plants. In: Canali, S., Canali, F., Tittarelli, P. and Sequi, P., Eds., Chromium Environmental Issues. Angelli Press, Milano, 101-130.

[23]   Brooks, R.R. (1987) Serpentine and its vegetation: A multidisciplinary approach. Dioscorides Press, Portland.

[24]   Huang, J.W. and Cunningham, S.D. (1996) Lead phytoextraction: Species variation in lead uptake and translocation. New Phytologist, 134, 75-84. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.1996.tb01147.x

[25]   McGrath, S.P. (1999) Chromium and nickel. In: Alloway, B.J., Ed., Heavy Metals in Soils. Blackie Academic & Professional Press, London, 54-57.

 
 
Top