ABSTRACT In Egypt irrigation water is becoming more scarce with the continuously increasing demand for agriculture, domestic and industrial purposes. To face this increasing irrigation demand, the available water supply in Egypt is supplemented by the reuse of agricultural drainage water as in El-Salam Canal that do not satisfy water quality standards defined for the canal. This paper introduces an automation system for El-Salam Canal to control the flow of the fresh water and drainage water supplied to the canal. This automatic control system (ACS) is able to process data of various flows and water quality data along the canal. This control system is represented by a canal computer model. This system computes the required control actions at the Damietta branch and the feeding drains. It is also able to generate optimum solutions for the canal to satisfy the pre-defined canal conditions and standards.
Cite this paper
Donia, N. (2012) Development of El-Salam Canal Automation System. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 4, 597-604. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.48069.
 M. Xu, P. J. van Overloop, N. C. van de Giesen and G. S. Stelling, “Real-Time Control of Combined Surface Water Quantity and Quality: Polder Flushing,” Water Science & Technology, Vol. 61, No. 4, 2010, pp. 869-878.
 N. W. T. Quinn, K. Jacobs, C. W. Chen and W. T. Stringfellow, “Elements of a Decision Support System for Real-Time Management of Dissolved Oxygen in the San Joaquin River Deep Water Ship Channel,” Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 20, No. 12, 2005, pp. 1495- 1504. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2004.08.014
 V. Vudhivanich and V. Sriwongsa, “Development of Kamphaengsaen Canal Automation System,” The 6th Regional Symposium on Infrastructure Development, Bang- kok, 8-10 December 2008, p. 89.
 E. Bautista, A. J. Clemmens and R. J. Strand, “River Pro- ject Canal Automation Pilot Project: Simulation Tests,” Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Vol. 132, No. 2, 2006, pp. 143-152.
 M. Nayar and S. Murray, “Improving Water Use Efficiency,” The Coleambally Irrigation Area Modernization Project, 2007.
 T. Emam and D. Hydraulics, “Operational Management System for El-Salam Canal,” Inception Report, 2000.
 A. M. Mostafa, S. T. Gawad and S. M. Gawad, “Dev- elopment of Water Quality Indicators for Egyptian Drains,” 18th International Congress on Irrigation and Drainage, Montereal, 2012, pp. 1-20.
 A. M. Mostafa, “Development of Water Quality Indicators and Atlas of Drainage Water Quality Using GIS tools,” Technical Report, NAWQAM Project, 2002.
 A. M. Mostafa, A. Abdelsatar, S. T. Gawad and S. M. Gawad, “A New Technique for the Estimation of BOD/ DO from Unmonitored/Non-Point Sources of Pollution,” Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2003, p. 483.
 A. M. El-Degwi, A. Abdelsatar, S. T. Gawad and S. M. Gawad, “Variation of BOD Pollution Rate within Hadous Drain Catchments of Egypt,” 2nd ICID Asian Conference on Irrigation and Drainage, Moama, 14-17 March 2004, pp. 14-26.
 R. M. S. El Kholy and M. I. Kandil, “Trend Analysis for Irrigation Water Quality in Egypt,” Emirates Journal for Engineering Research, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2004, pp. 35-49.
 Etkens, “Feasibility Studies for North Sinai Project,” Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, 1989.
 JICA, “The Integrated Development of North Sinai Governorate,” Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, 1989.
 FAO, “The Development Agricultural Projects of North Sinai,” Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, 1989.
 Shata, “Structural Development of Sinai Peninsuls, Egypt,” Bulletin MWRI-HXS, 1995.
 G. G. Refae, A. M. El Jawary and S. Yehia, “Saline Soil Reclamation for El-Salam Canal Command Area,” NAW- QAM Project, Cairo, 2006.
 T. Emam, “Operational Management System for El-Salam Canal, Egypt,” Hydraulics Research Institute, Drainage Research Institute, Delft Hydraulics, 2001.
 M. G. Ahmed, “Water Quality Management for El-Salam canal,” Cairo University, Giza, 2003.
 F. M. Eweida, “BOD Variations along El-Salam Canal under Various Operational Scenarios and Possible Enhancement Techniques,” Cairo University, Giza, 2006.
 M. I. Kandil, “Evaluation of Water Quality of El-Salam Canal and Prediction of Its Effect on Soil and Plant Characteristics,” Ph.D. Thesis, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 2006.
 R. M. S. El Khouly, “Drainage Water Reuse for Land Reclamation: Risks and Opportunities (Case Study El- Salam Canal—Egypt), NAWQAM Project, NWRC, 2004.
 N. S. Donia, “Decision Support System for Water Quality Control of El-Salam Canal,” Journal of Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, Vol. 43, No. 2, 2008.
 DHON (Delft Hydraulics of Netherlands), “El-Salam OMS Tender Document,” 2002.
 T. Emam and D. Hydraulics, “Operational Management System for El-Salam Canal,” Inception Report, 2002.