NS  Vol.4 No.5 , May 2012
Major-minor element analysis in some plant seeds consumed as feed in Turkey
ABSTRACT
In this study, samples (clover, oats, bean, green lentil, spinach, corn, red lentil and rice) taken from some seeds consumed as food by people and from plant seeds used as provender are examined. Element analysis (Al, B, Ba, Bi, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, La, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Sn, Sr, Sb, Si, Ti, U, Zn and Zr) in these samples was measured by using ICP-OES. Ca, K and Mg as major elements in all samples are determined. As results of the element analysis, meaningful relations between the elements in seeds have been researched by making statistical comparisons using one way analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Cite this paper
Hicsonmez, U. , Ozdemir, C. , Cam, S. , Ozdemir, A. and Erees, F. (2012) Major-minor element analysis in some plant seeds consumed as feed in Turkey. Natural Science, 4, 298-303. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.45042.
References
[1]   Rodr?guez, L.H., Morales, D.A., Rodr?guez, E.R. and Romero, C.D. (2011) Minerals and trace elements in a collection of wheat landraces from the Canary Islands. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 24, 1081- 1090. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2011.04.016

[2]   Korkmaz, K., Kara, S.M., Ozkutlu, F. and Gul, V. (2010) Monitoring of heavy metals and selected micronutrients in hempseeds from north-western Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5, 463-467.

[3]   Anke, M., Seeber, O., Muller, R., Schafer, U. and Zerull, J. (2009) Uranium transfer in the food chain from soil to plants, animals and man. Chemie der Erde, 69, 75-90. doi:10.1016/j.chemer.2007.12.001

[4]   Ajayi, I.A. (2008) Comparative study of the chemical composition and mineral element content of Artocarpus heterophyllus and Treculia africana seeds and seed oils. Bioresource Technology, 99, 5125-5129. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2007.09.027

[5]   Naozuka, J., Marana, S.R. and Oliveira, P.V. (2010) Water-soluble Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn species in nuts and seeds. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 23, 78-85. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2009.08.003

[6]   Rodushkina, I., Engstrom, E., S?rlinb, D. and Baxter, D. (2008) Levels of inorganic constituents in raw nuts and seeds on the Swedish market. Science of the Total Environment, 392, 290-304. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.11.024

[7]   Adelakun, O.E., Oyelade, O.J., Ade-Omowaye, B.I.O., Adeyemi, I.A. and Venter, M.V. (2009) Chemical composition and the antioxidative properties of Nigerian Okra seed (Abelmoschus esculentus Moench) flour. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 47, 1123-1126. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2009.01.036

[8]   Bakoglu, A., Bagci, E. and Ciftci, H. (2009) Fatty acids, protein contents and metal composition of some feed crops from Turkey. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment, 7, 343-346.

[9]   Kranner, I. and Colville, L. (2011) Metals and seeds: Biochemical and molecular implications and their significance for seed germination. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 72, 93-105. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2010.05.005

[10]   Sardans, J., Montes, F. and Penuelas, J. (2010) Determination of As, Cd, Cu, Hg and Pb in biological samples by modern electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 65, 97-112. doi:10.1016/j.sab.2009.11.009

[11]   Chaves, E.S., Santos, E.J., Araujo, R.G.O., Oliveira, J.V., Frescura, V.L.A. and Curtius, A.J. (2010) Metals and phosphorus determination in vegetable seeds used in the production of biodiesel by ICP OES and ICP-MS. Microchemical Journal, 96, 71-76. doi:10.1016/j.microc.2010.01.021

[12]   Jung, M.C. and Thornton, I. (1997) Environmental contamination and seasonal variation of metal in soils, plants and waters in the paddy fields around a Pb-Zn mine in Korea. The Science of the Total Environment, 198, 105- 121. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(97)05434-X

[13]   Schaefer, R.L. and Anderson, R.B. (1989) The student edition of minitab and Microsta, user’s manuel. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc., New York.

[14]   Takahashi, M., Nozoye, T., Kitajima, N., Fukuda, N. and Hokura, A. (2009) In vivo analysis of metal distribution and expression of metal transporters in rice seed during germination process by microarray and X-ray fluorescence imaging of Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu. Plant and Soil, 325, 39-51. doi:10.1007/s11104-009-0045-7

[15]   Merian, E. (1991) Metals and their compouns in the environment.VCH Pub, New York.

[16]   Mohamed, A.E., Rashed, M.N. and Mofty, A. (2003) Assessment of essential and toxic elements in some kinds of vegetables. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 55, 251-260. doi:10.1016/S0147-6513(03)00026-5

[17]   Koplik, R., Borkova, M., Mestek, O., Kominkova, J. and Suchanek, M. (2002) Application of size exclusion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for fractionation of element species in seeds of legumes. Journal of Chromatography B, 775, 179-187. doi:10.1016/S1570-0232(02)00296-9

[18]   Mestek, O., Kominkova, J., Koplik, R., Borkova, M. and Suchanek, M. (2002) Quantification of copper and zinc species fractions in legume seeds extracts by SEC/ICP- MS: Validation and uncertainty estimation. Talanta, 57, 1133-1142. doi:10.1016/S0039-9140(02)00151-0

[19]   Hac?seferogullar?, H., Gezer, I., Bahtiyarca, Y. and Menge?, H.O. (2003) Determination of some chemical and physical properties of Sak?z faba bean (Vicia faba L. var. major). Journal of Food Engineering, 60, 475-479.

[20]   D’llio, S., Alessandrelli, M., Cresti, R., Forte, G. and Caroli, S. (2002) Arsenic content of various types of rice as determined by plasma-based techniques. Microchemical Journal, 73, 195-201. doi:10.1016/S0026-265X(02)00064-4

[21]   Lee, C.G., Chon, H.T. and Jung, M.C. (2001) Heavy metal contamination in the vicinity of the Daduk Au-Ag- Pb-Zn mine in Korea. Applied Geochemistry, 16, 1377- 1386. doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(01)00038-5

[22]   Jung, M.C., Thornton, I. and Chon, H. (2002) Arsenic, Sb and Bi contamination of soils, plants, waters and sediments in the vicinity of the Dalsung Cu-W mine in Korea. The Science of the Total Environment, 295, 81-89. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00042-6

 
 
Top